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Culture.  Barkeria; Care and culture..

In FLASK.  Barkeria dorothea, Barkeria shoemakerii, Cattleya gaskelliana alba x alba sib, Dendrobium pulchellum
Oncidium ornithorhyncum, Dendrobium thyrsiflorum, Jumellea comorense.
In PLANTS. Phalaenopsis sanderiana, Phalaenopsis aphrodite, Trichoglottis brachiata Specimen, Oeoniella polystachys, Photo left Trichoglottis brachiata
Trichoglottis tomentosa ( sagarikii)  specimen, Paraphalaenopsis labukensis.

Ready to replate.  Cattleya leopoldii "Garopaba x Rio Grande", Cattleya quadricolor, Chysis bractescens, Cymbidium suave, Dendrobium canaliculatum nigrescens, Phalaenopsis  violacea "Sumatra".

Culture.  Barkeria.
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 Photos in this edition.  Top;  Trichoglottis brachiata
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New in Flask.
Barkeria dorothea. An intermediate to cool growing species from  Mexico, Rare. Flowers to 2 cm, pink lilac, lip with darker purple markings, borne on a tall erect spike. Plants are best grown in a small basket and when in  growth should not be allowed to dry out. When dormant, and plants can loose their leaves, a drier rest is essential. They like similar sunlight conditions to that for dendrobes etc.
Barkeria shoemakeri. This is the minature of the genus. Same culture as above, see  Barkerias below.
Cattleya gaskelliana alba x alba. Flowers to 15cm, white the lip with an orange/yellow disk. A typical labiate cattleya requiring  a good open media with good drainage and lots of sunlight. A sib cross of two albas will produce albas.
Cattleya gaskelliana culture.
Dendrobium pulchellum. This intermediate growing Thailand species is a robust plant with flowers to 5 inchs across, yellow flushed rose. Lip downy, with 2 redmaroon blotches. Several flowers are produce on a spike from the old canes. A dry rest in winter is required, as for all soft cane Dendrobiums, and lots of water and fertiliser in the growing season will produce a large robust specimen.
Oncidium ornithorhyncum. Central America. This species produces many flowered clusters of  pink flowers from a leafy plant. Small pot or slab, a bright sunny spot, intermediate to cool conditions. The flowers are very fragrant.
Dendrobium thyrsiflorum  A showy Thailand species like D. densiflorum, D. farmerii etc. A well drained media, a drier rest in winter, and water and fertiliser when in active growth will produce a robust specimen that will produce large, pendulous spikes of white flowers, orange labellum, much like a large bunch of grapes. An Intermediate grower, like Dend farmerii, it is tolerent of a wide range of climates. Fragrant.
Jumellea comorense. Madagascar, Comoro Islands. Dwarf species, slender leafy stem. Flowers typically white, spurred, fragrant and often produced in numbers when the plant develops side growths. A most charming elegant species.
  Highlighted  species linked to photographs and cultural notes.
New in Plants.
Phalaenopsis sanderiana. A rare Philippino species, 2 fine pink clones sib crossed. Grows like P. stuartiana and P. schilleriana with the dark green mottled leaf, purple underneath. The flowers are like the typical P. amabilis, but flushed faint pink, with the tips of the petals flushed darker pink purple. This species will grow into quite large impressive plants with leaves to 40 cm or more long. Best grown warm, very shady conditions, in a small basket or open container with a well drained media. Advanced seedlings are growing robustly in small basket pots in small bark.
Phalaenopsis aphrodite. Like P amabilis, Flowers pure white, to 7 cm, yellow, red marks on lip crest. A Philippino species with a long arching spike of well shaped large flowers. Culture as for Phal sanderiana and the large leafed  Phalaenopsis species in general. Good air movement is essential at all times as they are intolerant of stale, damp conditions.Advanced seedlings are growing robustly in small basket pots in small bark.
Trichoglottis brachiata Specimen. .Velvet dark maroon flowers, with a contrasting purple lip. Showy, fragrant.This Philippino species requires something to climb, so is best grown in a basket with a totem pole to clamber up. Warm to intermediate conditons with lots of sunlight short of leaf burn to encourage flowering all along the stem. Three flowering size plants growing on treefern.
Oeoniella polystachys. A showy dwarf. Flowers green, white lip, very fragrant. An angraecoid from Madagascar, intermediate conditions, sunlight much the same as that for dendrobes. Best grown in a small well drained basket or pot or on a slab with extra water. Flowering size plants are growing on treefern.
Trichoglottis tomentosa ( sagarikii)  specimen.   A species much like T brachiata in growth and habit. The flowers are yellow barred redbrown with a contrasting white and purple labellum. Grown like T brachiata. Specimens of  three flowering size plants growing on treefern.
Paraphalaenopsis labukensis A terete leafed species, like all Paraphalaenopsis, requires a warm climate and excellent drainage. Best grown in a small slotted pot or basket in an open media, plants will also do well on a mount, treefern is ideal if available.
Requires similar shade to that for Phalaenopsis, but will tolerate higher levels of sunlight and may need that to flower well.
Highlighted  species linked to photographs and cultural notes.
Ready to Replate.
Cattleya leopoldii "Garopaba x Rio Grande",. A Brazilian bifoliate Cattleya. This species can grow to be a large robust plant requiring a large well drained pot or basket, good ventilation and sunlight. The flower spike can bear up to 15 flowers, waxy chocolate flushed purple, spotted purple red. The labellum is purple. A spectacular species. A sib cross from a private Brazial collection.
 Cattleya quadricolor. Colombia (Cattleya chocoense) Flowers to 15cm, blush white to pink,  usually in pairs, on a robust pseudobulb with a single labiate leaf. The labiate Cattleyas are best grown in a well drained pot or basket. The media should be open so that it does not stay wet. Much like Cattleya trianeae but the flowers more bell like.
Chysis bractescens. A robust growing species, in a genus from Mexico and Central America. Large pseudobulbous plants require a rich almost semiterrestrial media, well drained, with lots of water and fertiliser when the new growths appear.
The flowers are large waxy, to 7 cm, white, lip yellow, long lived. Intermediate grower.
Cymbidium suave. Green to apple green flowers, yellow disc on lip, fragrant. A robust species that grows naturally in the drier parts of northern Australia. Cymbidium suave requires a deep pot ( tree stump if space permits), maximum sunlight and water only when in active growth. Will grow into huge clumps. Warm to intermediate.
 Dendrobium canaliculatum nigrescens.  A species of the lowland teetree flats along the north east coast of Australia. Short plump pseudobulbs topped with up to 5 fleshy, canaliculate (channelled) leaves, bear a number of spikes, with a multitude of brown to chocolate flowers, tipped white, a bright purple disk on the labellum. Fragrant. Best grown in a small terracotta pot or on a slab, warm growing with maximun sunlight. A definite dry season  is required in the cooler months, especially when the plants are not in active growth. .
Phalaenopsis  violacea "Sumatra". Large waxy white flowers with the lateral sepals violet purple. Use a small pot or basket with a well drained media that does not dry out hard. Growing warm in a shady spot,  it will develop into a large quite impressive plant.
  Species highlighted are links to photos.
More photos at
Culture.  Barkeria
The genus Barkeria is more or less centered in Mexico, extending to Central America, Guatemala, Belize (Honduras) and Costa Rica. At one time, many of the now recognised species were lumped together as synonyms under Epidendrum Lindleyanum, now Barkeria Lindleyana.
A couple of the species are quite robust climbers, in that the plants tend to creep upwards in quite large steps.
Larger growing species such as B. scandens, B. Whartoniana and B. dorothea require a cylindrical basket type container so that the roots can anchor in as the plant climbs. A fairly coarse media is best, must be well drained but perhaps not drying out too hard too quickly.
Medium size species such as B. Lindleyana, B. spectabile and B. Skinnerii do best in a small basket or pot, again well drained, but not excessively drying out.
Smaller growing species such as B. shoemakeri, B. obovata ( synonym B. chinense), B. palmerii and B. nervosa do better in a small well drained pot or basket.
The Barkerias will also grow on a treefern totem or slab,  but being heavy feeders when in growth, extra water will be required.
When in active growth, they require lots of water and fertiliser as this will determine the size of the new growth and the flowering.
When not in active growth, and often after leaves fall, a definte dry rest should be given, as quite often, these species will be deciduous during winter. Thus at that time, the plants should be kept just damp until the start of new growths, when repotting can be done or water and fertiliser commenced to promote the new  growths.
Sunlight short of leaf burn is also required, otherwise plants become spindly and flower poorly.
This colourful genus, with tall spikes of delicate looking flowers, will put on an impressive display, especially if several plants are potted together in the one pot or basket.
  More photos at
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