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               Winter in Australia, June and July, when the orchids and the proprietor have slowed down, necessitates this Winter Newsletter..

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Highlighted species or subjects  are links to photos/articles. Just click on the subject.
Aerangis confusa. Aerangis kotschyana. Angraecum magdalenae var latilabellum. 
Dendrobium crystallinum. Oncidium pumilum. Dendrobium rhodopterygium.
Cattleya jenmannii "clmio x Mosca". Laelia purpurata russelliana .
Leptotes unicolor. Rhyncostylis violacea. Dendrobium crepidatum.
Dendrobium hercoglossum.
In PLANTS.   Laelia purpurata var sanguinea.

Ready to replate.
    Cymbidium dayanum China, Cymbidium suave, Cymbidium bicolor, Acacallis cyaneae, Zygopetalum maxillare, Menadenium( Zygosepalum) labiosum.
Culture.  Beautiful Creepers.

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Photos in this issue. Above Cattleya jenmanii, Below  Menadenium labiosum
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New in Flask.
Aerangis confusa. An African species, white flowers, spurred, fragrant. Slab culture, shady with good ventilation.
Aerangis kotschyana. An intermediate grower from Africa. The arching spike has waxy white flowers to 2.5cm across, with a long corkscrew spur to 7cm. Fragrant. Slab culture, shady with good ventilation.
Angraecum magdalenae var latilabellum. Another  intermediate Madagascan species. The small fan like plan produces large pure white waxy flowers to 12 cm. Fragrant. Use a small pot or basket with a well drained media that will retain moisture but not say wet.
Dendrobium crystallinum A small growing softcane species from Thailand that rests in winter, The flowers are a delicate crystalline white with pink purple tips and a large yellow disk on the lip. Fragrant. Usa a small well drained pot or a slab of treefern with extra water and rest dry in winter.
Oncidium pumilum. A minature mule ear leaf species from Brazil.with an erect almost pyramid like panicle densely flowered with tiny yellow flowers. A slab seems to be the best media, although a small basket or slotted pot with a very well drained media would be acceptable. Grow shady and on the dry side, especially during the cooler months.
Dendrobium rhodopterygium. An Indian species like Dendrobium parishii, flowers dark purple with 2 dark magenta eyes in the lip. Fragrant. Goes dormant in winter.
Cattleya jenmannii "clmio x Mosca" A typical labiate cattleya. Photo at top of page. Well drained media, lots of sunlight and good ventilation is the treatment for the labiate Catts.
Laelia purpurata russelliana. Much like the labiate Catts in plant and culture. This form is delicately striped pink in the labellum.
Leptotes unicolor. A minature, terete leaf species from Brazil. Flowers to  2.5cm waxy pink purple. Does best on a piece of treefern or cork with extra water.
Rhyncostylis violacea. Very similar to Rhy gigantea but comes from the Philuppines. Flowers white spotted purple. Does best in a small basket.
Dendrobium crepidatum. A beautiful small growing species from India. The flowers are round well shaped and waxy textured, white with pink flushing to the tips and a green yellow disk on the labellum. It is a cool to intermedtae grower and rests dry in winter. Typical Dendrobium media and conditions apply.
Dendrobium hercoglossum. Another showy soft cane species from Thailand that produces masses of pink purple flowers in clusters at the nodes. This species likes a treefern slab or a small pot or basket with well drained media. In winter, keep on the dry side. 
New in Plants.
 Laelia purpurata var sanguinea
Much like the labiate Catts in plant and culture. This form is delicately striped pink in the labellum. Seedlings are growing well in 5 cm slotted pots.
Ready to Replate.
Menadenium labiosum. (Zygosepalum ). See article below.
Cymbidium dayanum China. A robust species with a long pendulous spike of showy white flowers, centre red crimson stripe, lip red purple with white.
Cymbidium suave. The Australian species with a dense spike of almost apple green frangrant flowers.
Cymbidium bicolor. In the same group as pendulum, aloifolium etc. Flowers yellow, buff yellow with burgandy, purple brown stripes. Fragrant.
Acacallis cyaneae.  See article below.
Zygopetalum maxillare. See article below
 Species highlighted are links to photos.
More photos at
Culture.  Beautiful Creepers.
Three very beautiful Brazilian species share a feature that requires some thought in their culture. The  three species are basically pseudobulbous plants that have a rhizome between each growth, making it difficult on contain them in a standard round pot or basket.
Acacallis cyaneae.  The somewhat flat bulbs hug the tree branch, can be up to 3 or 4 inches apart and the plant seems to grow up the branch. The usual culture method in Brazil is to use a long strip of soft treefern fibre, a porous media that will accomodate the roots of the plant. A possible alternative to this would be a cylinder made from an open plastic mesh such as  "gutter guard" a plastic mesh strip usedt o keep leaves out of house gutters. A well drained media that will retain some moisure can be used, bearing in mind that all three species do not like to be dried out excessively.
Another reported success was the use of a shallow basket with pieces of charcoal.
Acacallis is a showy Blue orchid, of crystalline texture, round and cupped in shape.
Menadenium labiosum  (photo left) is a small growing plant, that does well in a small shallow basket. Allied to the Zygopetalums, it is a soft foliage plant that needs extra shade and should not be allowed to dry out hard. The plant will form clumps, so a repot into a slightly larger shallow basket or well drained tray as required will keep the plant manageable.
Zygopetalum maxillare grows naturally on the trunk of  species of treefern, and a strip of this material is the preferred growing media. It will however grow and flower in a shallow tray or basket in a media that will retain moisture without staying soggy wet. It is also a soft foliage plant like the Menadenium and requires shade and shelter.
A mixture of fine bark with a little spaghnam moss provides the moisture if treefern is not available. Where treefern is used, extra water will be needed.
The flowers are quite startling, sepals and petals yellow blotched dark brown, the lip prominently crested, violet with violet blue veins.
 The three species are among the showyest of orchid species and well worth the trialling of different growing methods to accomodate their particular growing habit.
 More photos at
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Now that you've smiled at least once, it's your turn to spread the stupidity and send this to someone you want to bring a smile to (maybe even a chuckle) other words send it to everyone. We all need to smile every once in a while.
Duck: Do you have any duck food?
Storekeeper: No.
Duck: Do you have any duck food?
Storekeeper: No, we have no duck food.
Duck : Do you have any duck food?
Storekeeper: NO!! We do not have any duck food!!
Duck: Do you have any duck food?
Storekeeper: NO!! WE DO NOT HAVE ANY DUCK FOOD!! And if you ask me that one more time I'm gonna nail your little webbed feet to the floor!
Duck: <thinks>
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Duck: Do you have any duck food?
Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
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