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Culture.  Catasetums;   Care and culture..

Trichoglottis batanense  Photo left.
Catasetum scurra, Cattleya labiata autumnalis, Cattleya labiata var alba x suave, Cattleya warnerii. Laelia caulescens, Phalaenopsis aphrodite.
In PLANTS.  Neofinetia falcata, Trichoglottis latisepala, Cymbidium bicolor, Bulbophyllum Baileyii specimen.

Ready to replate.
The  CATASETUMS  are now being replated for the Northern hemisphere Spring and Summer.
        See CULTURE: CATASETUMS  below
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 Photos in this edition.  Top;  Trichoglottis brachiata
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New in Flask.    Top
Catasetum scurra. An intermediate grower from  Central Amererica. Dwarf. Spikes of straw coloured, citron perfumed flowers veined green.
Cattleya labiata var autumnalis. The autumn flowering form.
Cattleya labiata var alba x suave.  The labiate Cattleyas are best grown in a well drained pot or basket. The media should be open so that it does not stay wet. These two forms offerlarhe showy flowers at different times. The alba x suave is a white crossed pink form that is particularly fragrant.  Cattleya labiata culture.
Cattleya warnerii Large rose pink fls, lip darker. Fragrant, good grower.
Laelia caulescens Rupicolus. Sparkling 4cm fls, pink, dark pink purple.Disc yellow
Phalaenopsis aphrodite Flowers to 7 cm, yellow. This is a very robust species and will develop into a large plant. The flowers are a clean pure white and the plants like a slotted pot or basket such as used for the the other large growing phalaenopsis.
Trichoglottis batanense Pendulous leafy species, pale yellow flowers in clusters at the nodes. The labellum is contrasting pink purple. Slab, basket culture with a good open media works well and plants will develop into attractive clumps.
  Highlighted  species linked to photographs and cultural notes.
New in Plants.    Top
Bulbophyllum Baileyii. Australia. Flowers to 3cm, yellow finely spotted red. Robust grower like Bulb macranthum. See "Rampant Bulbophyllums"  for growing requirements. Specimen 3 plants on a treefern slab.
Cymbidium bicolor. China. Yellow, buff yellow with burgandy, purple brown stripes, multiflowered on long pendulous spike. Typical warm growing Cymbidium will  need a large pot or basket and lots of light. Usual Cymbid mix. Near flowering size plants growing well in 12.5cm pots in bark.
Neofinetia falcatam, Dwarf, pure white waxy fls, spurred, fragrant. This Japanese species will grow well in a small pot or basket. Cultivated in Japan in spaghnam moss, it will also grow happily in small bark. In spag it is repotted annually. Cool to intermediate grower, will take a lot of light,
Trichoglottis latisepala,  Pendulous leafy species, pink purple flowers in clusters at the nodes. Slab, basket. An intermediate to warm growing species from philippines, it is quite spectacular in flower when the stems get to a couple of feet in length.
Highlighted  species linked to photographs and cultural notes.
Ready to Replate.     Top
  The Catsetums ( and their allies Cycnoches and Mormodes) should  only be deflasked in  Spring and early to mid summer. If deflasked too close to winter it is difficult to maintain them over the dormancy. C cool, I  intermediate,  W warm  growing.
Catasetum barbatum   I. Brazil Fls 5cm, greenish, black purple flecks, lip with blunt projections
Catasetum cernuum    I. Brazil Large fls densely spotted chocolate brown, lip marbled same.
Catasetum dodsoniana   I.C. Mexico Green, veined green perfect fls Catsetumm Clowesia. Dense spikes 5cm fls.
Catasetum expansum   I. Venezuela Green, yellow edges x white, red callus 10cm fls.
Catasetum fimbriatum type form   I. Brazil Yellow speckled brown, yellow lip, fringed.
Catasetum hookerae  Brazil   I. Brazil      Unusual, lip uppermost, green , green yellow wax like flowers.
Catasetum integerrimum   I.C. Mexico Large green fleshy fls, helmet type. Good grower.
Catasetum laminatum   I. Mexico Large flowers, pale yellw green flecked red.
Catasetum luridum   I. Cent Amer Large fls, yellow, green yellow, dark green in lip throat.
Catasetum macrocarpum   I. Brazil large fls, yellow marked and blotched red purple.
Catasetum pileatum 'Germany'   I. Venezuela Large waxy green white, waxy  fls to 10 cm
Catasetum pileatum Red x self   I.W. Brazil Selfing of an awarded clone, heavily blotched red.
Catasetum pileatum white  x red   I.W. Brazil Large ivory x cream blotched  redpurple.
Catasetum sanguineum   I.W. Venezuela. Green yellow with much red spots/blotchs. Rare.
Catasetum sps affinis fuchsii   I. Brazil Like C.fuchsii, large yellow with red, purple red. New
Catasetum sps nova Aguirre   I.C. Mexico Clowesia section of Catasetum. A new species?. Grows well.
Catasetum tabulare     I Colombia Rare species. Fls to 5cm green blotched maroon, lip cream white.
Catasetum tenebrosum   I. Peru fls to 4cm, sepals,petals dark rich redbrown, maroon, lip yellow.
Catasetum vinaceum   I.W. Brazil Wine red coloured fls. Protocorm from private collection Brazil.
Cycnoches and Mormodes species are available as well.
Because this genus produces seperate male and femal flowers, it is very difficult to obtain seed of many species and we support the conservation of orchid species by setting seed pods at every opportunity.
More photos at
Culture.  Catasetums    Top
The perfect flowered Clowesias ( C. scurra ), which have both male and female parts, are here included in the genus, although the typical Catasetum species have seperate male and female flowers.
Both types are grown exactly the same way.
Robust pseudobulbous leafy plants, the genus extends from Mexico down to Brazil, with the section Clowesia  primarily centered in Mexico.
To understand their culture, a view of their natural occurrence shows a plant that germinates in the crevices or hollows of trees and sometimes rock faces, where it grows in a rich decaying compost, in a very seasonal climate of wet and dry.
During the wet humid weather, the plants rapidly attain a large mature size to flower and reproduce in time for the next wet humid season.
Plants growing in shady positions tend to produce male flowers, while those in more exposed places like dead trees, produce female flowers, probably to ensure survival of the species as old plants and trees collapse and die.
In the seasonal dry, plants loose their leaves and go dormant, to await  the return of rains and humidity.
Thus cultivation in the orchid house is a matter of potting in Spring and storing almost dry in winter. A feature that enables these tropical plants to be grown anywhere, even in the coldest climate as they are naturally dormant and can be stored during the non growing season.
Starting in Spring, a plant with a new lead of about  an inch or so high ( 2.5 cm) is repotted into a rich almost semiterrestrial media in a small pot and placed in the orchid house. Maximum water and fertiliser is then applied to promote the largest possible new growth. Animal manure, well composted, is highly recommended, as is maximum sunlight short of excessive sunburn, where high sunlight promotes the flowering.
After flowering and the fall of leaves, the plant, now a cluster of pseudobulbs with rather spikey tops, can be  removed from the orchid house and even from its pot, to be keep out of the cold and wet of winter.
With the approach of spring and the new lead, the bulbs can be divided and so the growing starts again.
Many different medias have been used to grow this genus, from spaghnam moss to bark, volcanic gravel, leaf mould and even composted manure and mixtures of all these.
The range of flower forms and colours is remarkable, the flowers are both showy and unique, and the plants will grow easily if their dormancy is accomodated. A small effort for quite amazing flowers.
  More photos at
Your Message on the net.    Top
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Very modest rates apply and YOUR page on can also be arranged. With in excess of 5000 visits to the website per MONTH, you can get your message to active INTERNATIONAL orchid growers 7/24. MESSAGE PAGE
Seed of SPECIES orchids Top
Email  Cal  for the latest list of seed available in packets enough to prepare 3 to 4 flasks.
Cattleya, Coryanthes, Dendrobium, Paphiopedilum, Oncidium, Laelia, Aerides with more added as harvested.
All seed dated at collection, airmail post world wide and there is no restriction on orchid seed.
Harvested  the giant Bulbophyllum fletcherianum, Aerides falcatum yellow, Cymbidium canaliculatum and more.
Cal's Orchids Australia.
Seed sowing and tissue culture service
Flora Biotech        Top
Specialists in orchid seed sowing and tissue culture. All species. Can supply in sterile media flasks or in potted seedling tubes for delivery all around Australia. Visit our website at or email us at
Humour.   Top
In a small town, a man just opened a small store selling bagpipes and guns.
One day his neighbor pays him a visit and says: "So how is your strange business going?"
"What do you mean strange?"
"Because you sell only bagpipes and guns!"
"Well, let me put it this way, what do you sell the most, bagpipes or guns?"
"It evens itself out, each time a customer buys bagpipes, one of his neighbors buys a gun!"
A man applied for a job as an industrial spy. Together with several other applicants, he was given a sealed envelope and told to take it to the fourth floor. As soon as the man was alone, he stepped into an empty hallway and opened the envelope. Inside, a message read: "You're our kind of person. Report to the fifth floor Personnel Office."
Three reasons you're feeling old;
1. Your houseplants are alive, and you can't smoke any of them.
2. Having sex in a twin bed is out of the question.
3. You keep more food than beer in the fridge.
Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
Email us at mailingList.html ?Subject=General inquiry.
Phone Fax 0747 740 008
International 61 747 740 008