July 00  AugSept Oct NovDec Jan 01Feb Mar April May June July
Aug Sept Oct Nov  Dec Jan02  Feb  March  April
     IMPORTANT  NOTE  for USA  importers. 

In FLASK.  Dendrobium formosum giganteum,
Rodriguezia venusta,Trichoglottis latisepala.
In PLANTS.  Bulbophyllum brevilabum, Aerides jarkianum,  
Ready to replate.  Cattleya nobilior "amalie", Cyrtopodium punctatum "Brazil", Angraecum sesquipedale varigata x self,
Culture.  Bushhouse Pests.
Did you know?  IMPORTANT NOTE  USA  importers, Phytosanitary Certificates, Import Permits. .
Wanted.    Do you know where these rare plants are available? Is there a species YOU want?
Web Site.  New Links plus more photographs up.
Orchid Auction. Plants, Flasks, Books.
Flasking supplies, medias, nonabsorb cotton wool. Notes on flasking.
Spare Flasks on hand.  Some species that can be shipped NOW.
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Photos in this issue. Bulbophyllum brevilabum  above, Dendrobium formosum  giganteum below left, Rodriguezia venusta, below right. 

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New in Flask.
Rodriguezia venusta; Photo right.The showy Brazilian pure white flowered species does best on a slab or in a basket. It grows under the same conditions as Oncidiums and the like, and when in active growth will benefit from plenty of fertiliser and water.Warm to intermediate conditions and plenty of sunlight.
Dendrobium formosum giganteum. This is the very large flowered nigrohirsute Indian species. The flowers are up to 5 inches across. Best grown in a smallpot or basket in a well drained media, with a drier rest during winter. An intermediate grower, it will develop into a large plant with lots of large showy flowers that last well.
Trichoglottis latisepala. Photo left. This is a pendulous thin stemmed species that will grow well on a slab of treefern or with extra water, cork bark. A small welldrained basket will also suffice. It is a clumping plant, and will produce basal sideshoots  to form a well flowered clump with bright pink purple flowers at the stem nodes. Intermediate to warm grower from the Philippines, from where it was usually exported under the name of Trichoglottis rosea.
New in Plants.
Bulbophyllum brevilabum, from New Guinea, produces a single flower on a tall erect spike. The flower is pale yellow, overlaid with red spotting. The plant requires a well drained media and a shallow tray to spread out. Flowering size plants are growing well in a mix of isolite and spaghnam moss in a shallow pot. Photo above.
 Aerides jarkinaum. This Philippines species produces an arching spike of waxy burgundy coloured glossy flowers that seem to drip nectar. A smaller grower, it does best in a small basket, moderate shade, intermediate to warm conditions. Plants are growing well in 80mm (3 inch) baskets in a mix of shredded spaghnam and isolite, well crocked.
Ready to Replate.
 Cattleya nobilior 'amalie";  This Brazilian species produces large flat waxy flowers and grows best on a slab or in a small basket. A well drained media and a somewhat drier winter is required, with warm to intermediate conditions.
A select colour form.
Cyrtopodium punctatum "Brazil". This seed came from a private collection in Brazil. It is a tall heavy caned  bulbous plant that produces a tall  branched spike of yellow marked red flowers. A deciduous species, it requires a dry winter, a rich media and should be treated like the catasetums calanthes etc. In spring lots of water and fertiliser with the appearence of the new growth. Intermediate grower, but no problem in the cooler regions where it can be stored dry over winter.
Angraecum sesquipedale varigata x self.  This is a selfing of a varigated leaf plant. The flowers are up to 12cm ( 5 inches) across, thick, waxy, almost like soap in appearence. Very fragrant, it has one of the longest spurs in the orchid world. A small pot or preferably a basket with a well drained media amd warm to intermediate conditions is required. Perhaps a sib cross of these seedlings will produce the varigated leaf pattern.
  More photos at
Culture.  A Fair Dinkum Aussie Tale.
 G'day Ian, thanks for the April Newsletter. Great stuff. Loved the jokes and story about the Hooded Orchids
Which reminds me of a dinky di true story you may find worthy of including .......
A few years back when Woodie was still under the illusion there were fairies in his shadehouse if you knew how to look for them.... he did a favour for the Kalbeeba Kid and helped him get up and running on his computer. Instead of accepting a payment Woodie took his fee in the form of a flask of Dean Roesler's assured next Grand Champion Cymbidiums. (Crossing names withheld to protect the innocent).
The prize was soon after deflasked into thirty spanking new pots, each fitted with a neat white plastic name tag all hand written in his neatest hand and numbered with a sticker. Woodie gave them pride of place in his shadehouse and watched them grow for a week or two. One morning he came out and found the tiny new leaves of every seedling laying down on the pine bark, organized in a tidy formation with roots completely gone, placed east to west atop the pot as if laid out by a tiny mortician.
'Fairies my butt,' he gasped. 'Bloody fruit rats ate 'em all!' And so they had, as a medicine to ward off the effects of thirst from ingesting Ratsak ( rat bait), the tell tale proof chewed up walnut shells from a nearby tree and rat poop everywhere.
At the monthly meeting of the Cymbidium Club of SA Woodie relayed his tale of hard luck to his mentor who said 'That was the last flask too!"
"Rats! You reckon that's a problem?" interjected Graham Morris who before he took over the helm at the mighty Valley Orchids had his Salisbury East back yard set up as a big shadehouse.
"While he was visiting us my son in law's Fox-bloody-Terrier heard the neighbour's bitch whining over the fence by my shadehouse. The horny little mongrel dug under the gate, raced through the plants and ran up and down the fence for half an hour before I caught him. He'd knocked all my pots off the stands, ripped the flowers to shreds and emptied the plants onto the ground. Worse, all the names tags fell out and I didn't use number stickers on the pots so couldn't work out what was what so had to dump the flamin' lot mate. Rats my aunt Sallie!
Gordon Brooks a commercial grower with acreage under shadecloth in the Southern Regions just a cork throw from the famous wine growing belt, overheard this new tale of woe and joined in.
"Rats... dogs, that's nuthin'" He began in his broad Aussie accent. " I got up early the other mornin' to check the sprinklers and found five great big bloody kanga-bloody-roos in my shadehouse. They'd jumped the fence and were having a lovely time eating the orchids. Talk about a bloody mess, mate."
And leaving that to your imagination, I report Woodie went home cheered up considering himself self flamin' lucky, and switched brands of rat bait.   DrCym.
More photos at
Did you know ?
IMPORTANT  NOTE  for USA  importers.
USDA has, from January 2002, begun to enforce the requirement for a Phytosanitary Certificate for all plant and plant material imports. This is not a new regulation, but the implementation of a rule that has previously not been enforced.
ALL FLASKS  imported into USA will now require a Phytosanitary Certificate.
Burleigh Park does provide this Phytosanitary Certificate at cost.
Flasks are still  CITES  exempt.
USA growers can obtain an Import Permit and green/yellow stickers which expedites the delivery of parcels of flasks, plants etc. Contact and enquire for the nearest Inspection Unit
U.S. Department of Agriculture, APHIS
Plant Protection and Quarantine Permit Unit
4700 River Road, Unit 136
Riverdale, Maryland 20737-1236
The Import Permit application is PPQ Form 587
Heightened enforcement of existing regulations
affects orchid flask imports
An external audit of enforcement procedures by USDA/APHIS (US Department of Agriculture/Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) has resulted in the edict that orchid plants in flask also require phytosanitary certification. I inquired about the background on this and got the following reply from Bud Petit de Mange of USDA:
"The way the regulation 319.37 is written, a phytosanitary certificate is required for all restricted articles. By the definition, seedlings and plantlets in flasks are restricted articles and, therefore, phytosanitary certificates are an import requirement for them. A regulation change is needed in order to exempt a restricted article from phytosanitary certification. A little more than two weeks ago, I made a request to our agency's Import and Interstate Services branch and asked that they propose such a change. They are currently developing a work plan for a proposed revision to 319.37 and stated that they will include a proposal to exempt from phytosanitary certification plant materials of generally admissible species if they are imported on agar and/or liquid media within sterile containers (=flasks). In that same proposal, they will propose changes regarding the current requirement for translucent, transparent media. Unfortunately, making changes to Federal regulations is a long, time-consuming process. Many take one and one-half years, or more, from the time they are first proposed until they published as Final Rules, which officially incorporates the change into the regulation.
Bud Petit de Mange
CITES and Plant Inspection Station Coordinator
Port Operations "
In other words, sterile flasks of orchid seedlings or meristems now require a phytosanitary certificate from the country of origin. Unfortunately, because this enforcement change was the result of an external audit, no leeway exists as with the recent opaque media imbroglio. However, as these two regulation changes march through the process,
both will require your encouragement. We suggest you write to:
Dr. Richard L. Dunkle
Jamie Whitten Building
14th and Independence Ave., S.W.
Room 301-E
Washington, DC 20250
(Thanks to Nick for onforwarding the above.)
Phytosanitary Certificate requirements for all countries.
We are preparing a data base for the import requirements for Phytosanitary Certificates for as many countries as possible.
If you have permits or other information, please contact us so that we can include as many countries as possible. A snailmail photo copy would be ideal.
The data base will list the various requirements to import flasks and orchid plants into each country and any special requirements pertaining to Phytosanitary Certificates.
We all dislike red tape, but the Certificates and Permits  mean disease and pest free imports and quicker delivery to you.
Do you set seed pods on your treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed.
Web site.
More Photographs Up
Check out our  web page
  Year 2000  winner of  "Linda the Orchid Lady" award .
EMAIL address      Top
Have a look at this busy Orchid Auction site.
Sell those spare plants ! Find that elusive rare plant or book !
Orchid Auction Site
Vanilla phalaenopsis, flasks or plants.
Ascocentrum hendersonianum  flasks
Paraphalaenopsis denevii   flasks
If you would like to list a species that you cannot find, click  Species wanted
and send the name and it will be listed here in the next Newsletter.
Flask supplies.
Flasking medias; click on here and go to Supplies page
For working Nursery Medias for Mother and Replate Flasks.
A special note on flasking orchids.
Due to the need for a filtered air vent on flasks to allow exchange of gasses, a reliable air filter medium is needed.
Non absorbant cotton wool allows gas exchange but does not absorb moisture. Thus the air filter will stay dry and prevent the growth of fungus thru the filter, a common problem with ordinary cotton wool which gets wet, goes mouldy and allows the mould to grow thru the filter to contaminate the flask.
Non Absorbant Cottonwool  NOW AVAILABLE in 375 gram rolls,
click contact us NOW.
Spare Flasks on hand.
There are sometimes spare flasks available. These are ready to ship, but we do not recommned shipping these flasks in your winter as they are ready to deflask now.
For a list of available flasks, email  
or click here
A group of rowdy soccer fans is on a train on the way to the big match. In the same carriage is an elderly man wearing his teams colours. Opposite is a young man wearing the oppositions colours, holding a duck.
     They look at each other, and the old man says, " You know you cannot take a pig into the grounds."
     The young man answers, " You silly old fool, this is not a pig, its a duck."
The old man quietly said, "Young man, I was talking to the duck."
       Two engineers met in the park. One said to the other, "Thats a great new bike you have there".
"Yeah", said the other " it was a most unusal gift. I met this georgous girl who took me back top her flat, she took all her clothes off  and said "I'm all yours, take whatever you want", so I took her new bike."
   "Wise choice" said the other " her clothes would not have suited you."
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Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
Email us at
Phone Fax 0747 740 008
International 61 747 740 008