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Culture.    Deciduous Dendrobiums
     IMPORTANT  NOTE   click here for USA  importers. Phytos & Permits.

In FLASK.   Aerangis distincta, Aerangis splendida, Aerides fieldingii (photo right), Aerides maculosum.  
In PLANTS. Bulbophyllum Baileyii.
Ready to replate.     Aerangis biloba  Eurychone galeandrae, Paph praestans x primulinum.
Culture.    Deciduous Dendrobiums
Did you know?     Worldwide exchange of seed and protocorm. Permits USA.
Web Site.  New Links plus more photographs up.
Orchid Auction. Plants, Flasks, Books.
Flasking supplies, medias, nonabsorb cotton wool . Notes on flasking.
Seed for sale Email  now for a list of available species orchid seed.
Spare Flasks on hand.   Some species that can be shipped NOW.
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Photos in this issue . Above Aerides fieldingii, Dend rhodopterygium semialba,Dend albosanguineum, Dend anosum var Huttonii.

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New in Flask.
Two small growing Angraecoids , Aerangis distincta and A. splendida , are  shade growers that require excellent air movement. Basically they require a well drained mount, a piece of treefern or a very small open pot with a well drained media.
Both produce spikes of white spurred flowers that are fragrant at night. Rather elegant species that should be grown protected from extremes, they do not like to be very cold and very high temperatures will cause growing problems.
Aerides fieldingii is a showy species originally from India. It is now difficult  to obtain Indian species due to the export restrictions of that country. It is a  robust plant that does best in a basket in a well drained media, and will  grow happily under the same conditions as Dendrobiums etc., with perhaps a little more shade in the hotter months.
Spikes are long and many flowered, the crystalline pink flowers usually have a darker amethyst labellum and are fragrant.
Aerides maculosum also from India,  is a similar flowered species to A. fieldingii , but the plant is much smaller with narrower leaves. It grows readily in a basket and will eventually produce side shoots. The flowers are also crystalline pink on long spikes.
The two species flower at different times and are well worth cultivation for the fragrant crystalline flowers.
New in Plants .
  Bulbophyllum Baileyii , the Australian native species, grows extremely well in a well drained basket or on a large slab of treefern. The plant consists of a series of smallish pseudobulbs on a creeping rhizome, each with a large oval leaf. Thus a large shallow container or slab is best to allow the plant to climb over and around to form a specimen.
The fragrant flowers are pale yellow, finely spotted with red, with a hinged mobile labellum and in Australia seem to attract a small yellow wasp. The flowers are produced along the rhizome.
It is a tropical species and requires warmth and light, to almost full sunlight, and when in active growth, lots of water.
Ready to Replate.
  Aerangis biloba , the African species, does best on a mount of shallow container. The fragrant  flowers are produced on a long semi pendulous spike and have a long spur. Growing conditions as for  Aerangis listed above.
Eurychone galeandrae   is small African Angraecoid species that looks somewhat like a small Phalaenopsis plant. It is grown the same way as the Aerangis species.
The flowers are quite distinctive, with  a quite large almost trumpet like labellum with a short wide spur. This particular species
is green white with tan brown colouring in the labellum, and the flower indeed does look much like the flower of the genus Galeandra, particularly G. bauerii.
Paphiopedilum praestans x primulinum. A yellow and red Paph jogjae??
Paphiopedilum praestans is yellow with red stripes and P. primulinum is all over yellow.
At one time, the major exporter of Paphs from Indonesia was exporting what he described as a new species called Paph jogjae. Then it became known as the natural hybrid Paphiopedilum praestans x Paphiopedilum glaucophyllum .
With further investigation, it appears to have been a garden hybrid widely cultivated in the Dutch colony, subsequently obtained by the exporter and " introduced"  to the orchid world.
As one of the importers of that original Paph jogjae , it is with curiosity that we mated the two yellow species, the P. primulinum   very much a yellow glaucophyllum.
 These are  easy to grow Paphs ., well drained media in a large pot with sunlight and conditions used for Dendrobiums seems to work well. They are the warmer growing slippers and will tolerate a wide range of climate conditions and in warmer climates can be used as a garden plant.
More photos at
Culture.  Deciduous Dendrobiums.
It is Spring  in Australia, "down under", and time to repot the spring flowering Dendrobiums that have been held dry and dormant over winter.
Slotted pots or baskets are used, with a mixture of bark and shredded isolite for some species, and for those that like a little extra moisture, a mix of spaghnam moss and isolite. The larger more robust growers benefit from a richer media.
Species such as;
Dendrobium primulinum ; flowers pink to pink purple with a finely downy yellow trumpet like labellum.This species comes from India, has more or less pendulous canes and is potted in the bark mix. Fragrant, spring flowering.
Dendrobium rhodopterygium and its very close relative Dend parishii ; flowers dark purple magenta, the tubular lip with two dark eyes. Highly fragrant, the short thick canes tend to be erect until the weight of longer canes causes them to arch over.
There semi alba form of both, white with the purple coloured labellum. A bark mix is used, although the larger growing D rhodopterygium may appreciate the spaghnum and extra moisture. D. rhodopterygium comes from India while the D. parishii is distributed from India thru to Thailand.
Dendrobium albosanguineum , (photo left) from Burma, has large pale yellow flowers with two dark maroon blotches in the labellum, which is also veined with red. An erect plant with quite heavy robust canes when grown in maximum sunlight to the extent of leaf burn.
Dendrobium anosum, aka Dendrobium superbum , is a very robust growing species that will take a large pot or basket and a rich media that provides moisture without remaining soggy. It will produce canes to several feet long and large quantities of large purple flowers at the nodes. Highly fragrant of raspberry, with opinions differing on actual flavour and desirability of the fragrance, it is somewhat overpowering. The species ranges from India to the Philippines and New Guinea.
There is an alba form  var dearei , and a semialba form var Huttoni ( photo right)
The species is well worth growing and makes a spectacular specimen, with either all purple flowers, all white or the semialba white and purple.
Dendrobium aphyllum, aka Dendrobium  pierardii. This species also ranges from India thru to South East Asia, and there are a number of different forms in both plant growth and flower colouring.
Typically a pendulous plant, with thin canes that in at least one form, will reach 6 feet  in length, and flowers produced in pairs  at almost all the stem nodes. A large basket seems to be best, especially as the canes  often produce aerial plantlets that can be tied back to the basket to produce a dense specimen clump.
Flowers are generally pale pink to green pink, the labellum pale green to cream or pale yellow, fragrant.
These deciduous species are allowed to dry out completely during July and August ( winter, southern hemisphere), without much normal rainfall, and are repotted when the new lead appears. With the repot, lots of water and fertiliser will promote large new canes, the bearers of the next seasons flowering.
Species highlighted are links to more details.
More photos at
Did you know ?
Burleigh Park has a worldwide exchange program of orchid seed and sterile tubes of protocorm. If you would like to exchange seed or protocorm, email  Ian   click here     and lists will be emailed to you.
Do you set seed pods on your treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed, you will then know where to find them again.
IMPORTANT  NOTE  for USA  importers.
USDA has, from January 2002, begun to enforce the requirement for a Phytosanitary Certificate for all plant and plant material imports. This is not a new regulation, but the implementation of a rule that has previously not been enforced.
ALL FLASKS   imported into USA will now require a Phytosanitary Certificate .
Burleigh Park does provide this Phytosanitary Certificate at cost.
Flasks are still  CITES  exempt.
Click here     for the full details previously published.
Phytosanitary Certificate requirements for all countries.
We are preparing a data base for the import requirements for Phytosanitary Certificates for as many countries as possible.
If you have permits or other information, please contact us so that we can include as many countries as possible. A snailmail photo copy would be ideal.
The data base will list the various requirements to import flasks and orchid plants into each country and any special requirements pertaining to Phytosanitary Certificates.
We all dislike red tape, but the Certificates and Permits  mean disease and pest free imports and quicker delivery to you.
Do you set seed pods on your treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed.
Web site .
More Photographs Up
Check out our  web page
  Year 2000  winner of  "Linda the Orchid Lady" award .
EMAIL address       Top
Have a look at this busy Orchid Auction site.
Sell those spare plants ! Find that elusive rare plant or book !
Orchid Auction Site
Flask supplies.
Flasking medias; click on here and go to Supplies page
For working Nursery Medias for Mother and Replate Flasks.
A special note on flasking orchids.
Due to the need for a filtered air vent on flasks to allow exchange of gasses, a reliable air filter medium is needed .
Non absorbant cotton wool allows gas exchange but does not absorb moisture. Thus the air filter will stay dry and prevent the growth of fungus thru the filter, a common problem with ordinary cotton wool which gets wet, goes mouldy and allows the mould to grow thru the filter to contaminate the flask.
Non Absorbant Cottonwool  NOW AVAILABLE in 375 gram rolls,
click contact us NOW .
Seed of SPECIES orchids .
Email  Cal   for the latest list of seed available in packets enough to prepare 3 to 4 flasks.
Coryanthes, Dendrobium, Paphiopedilum, Oncidium, Cattleya, Aerides with more added as harvested.
All seed dated at collection, airmail post world wide and there is no restriction on orchid seed.
Cal's Orchids Australia.
Spare Flasks on hand.
There are sometimes spare flasks available. These are ready to ship, but we do not recommend shipping these flasks in y our winter as they are ready to deflask now.
For a list of available flasks, email   
or click here
  She: Would you get married again?
   He: Definitely not!
 She: Why not - don't you like being married?
  He: Of course I do.
She: Then why wouldn't you remarry?
 He: Okay, I'd get married again.
She: You would? (with a hurtful look on her face)
 He: ( makes audible groan )
She: Would you sleep with her in our bed?
 He: Where else would we sleep?
She: Would you put away my pictures, and replace
them with pictures of her?
 He: That would seem like the proper thing to do.
She: And would you let her use my golf clubs?
 He: She can't use them; she's left-handed...
She: - - - silence - - -

   One afternoon, a wealthy lawyer was riding in the back of his limousine when he saw two men eating grass by the road side. He ordered his driver to stop and he got out to investigate.
  "Why are you eating grass?" He asked one man.
"We don't have any money for food" the poor man replied.
"Oh, well, you can come with me to my house" instructed the lawyer.
"But, sir, I have a wife and two children with me!"
"Bring them along!" replied the lawyer.
He turned to the other man and said, "You come with us, too."
"But, sir, I have a wife and six children!" the second man answered.
"Bring them as well!" answered the lawyer as he headed for his limo.
They all climbed into the car, which was no easy task, even for a car as large as the limousine.
Once underway, one of the poor fellows says: "Sir, you are too kind. Thank you for taking all of us with you."
The lawyer replied,
"Glad to do it. You'll love my place; the grass is almost a foot tall"


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Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
Email us at
Phone Fax 0747 740 008
International 61 747 740 008