DID YOU KNOW.
  1. EXDOC and Phytosanitary Certificates.
  2. Seed Exchange.
  3. Phytos & Permits for USA importers
  4. Phytos & Permits for Canadian importers.
  5. Phytosanitary Certificate Other countries. .
  6. Bank Transfer; Electronic Funds Transfer.
  7. CITES.
  8. Your Message on the Net.
  9. Flasks supplies, Media, Non Absorbant Cotton Wool.
  10. Orchid Seed Supplier
  11. Subscribe Unsubscribe
Important Note; When sending payments internationally, use REGISTERED airmail letters or document envelopes and NOT packets or padded bags which may be opened by Customs for inspection.
It is the IMPORTERS responsibilty to ensure that Import Permits and Phytosanitary Certificate requirements for their country are current and advised to us ( Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery) before shipment.

EXDOC and Phytosanitary Certificates.Top

From the end of 2002, Australian Quarantine Inspection Service switches to an electronic generation of Phytosanitary Certificates. This new system is called EXDOC, and Phytosanitary Certificates are printed on security paper at the point of export.

We suggest that importers ask their local Inspection Office if they are aware of this new system and that Certificates will appear different to the previous forms. No problems are anticipated as we are assured all countries accept EXDOC, but it comes down to the person at the final inspection, we trust they also know!

Most countries accept the International Standard Phytosanitary Certificate for the importation of plants and flasks where required. Some countries require additional declarations and these are detailed on that countries Import Permits. Australian Phytosanitary Certificates will only list additional declarations if an Import Permit is supplied with the requirements detailed on the Permit.

Countries now requiring a Phytosanitary Certificate ( Standard ) include USA, Canada ( flasks), Vanuatu, HongKong, New Zealand, New Caledonia, United Kingdom (Flasks), Japan and Sweden (Flasks). Countries that require additional declarations include Reunion, Tahiti, Israel, Canada and Brunei ( plants only), New Caledonia and European Economic Community ( plants only) so an Import Permit must be supplied. For details on other countries email AQIS Data Base


It is the IMPORTERS responsibilty to ensure that Import Permits and Phytosanitary Certificate requirements for their country are current and advised to us ( Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery) before shipment.

Seed Exchange. Top

Burleigh Park has a worldwide exchange program of orchid seed and sterile tubes of protocorm. If you would like to exchange seed or protocorm, email ianbpon(at)speciesorchids.com ( substitute @ for (at) toavoid spam) and lists will be emailed to you. Do you set seed pods on your treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed, you will then know where to find them again.

Phytos & Permits for USA importers.Top

IMPORTANT NOTE for USA importers. USDA has, from January 2002, begun to enforce the requirement for a Phytosanitary Certificate for all plant and plant material imports. This is not a new regulation, but the implementation of a rule that has previously not been enforced.

ALL FLASKS imported into USA will now require a Phytosanitary Certificate. Burleigh Park does provide this Phytosanitary Certificate at cost. Flasks are still CITES exempt.

USA growers can obtain an Import Permit and green/yellow stickers which expedites the delivery of parcels of flasks, plants etc.
Contact and enquire for the nearest Inspection Unit
U.S. Department of Agriculture, APHIS,
Plant Protection and Quarantine Permit Unit,
4700 River Road, Unit 136,
Riverdale, Maryland 20737-1236.
The Import Permit application is PPQ Form 587


On the net.
Go to the USDA APHIS (US Dept of Agriculture Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service) page APHIS Permit

Import Permit: download and fill out the pdf form, and fax it to the number in Maryland listed towards the upper right corner By the way, once you get it, the permit is good for 5 years

USDA/APHIS inspection unit/ ports of entry

  1. New York, NY
  2. Los Angeles, CA (Inglewood)
  3. San Diego, CA
  4. San Francisco, CA
  5. Seattle, WA

Heightened enforcement of existing regulations affects orchid flask imports.

An external audit of enforcement procedures by USDA/APHIS (US Department of Agriculture/Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) has resulted in the edict that orchid plants in flask also require phytosanitary certification. I inquired about the background on this and got the following reply from Bud Petit de Mange of USDA:

"The way the regulation 319.37 is written, a phytosanitary certificate is required for all restricted articles. By the definition, seedlings and plantlets in flasks are restricted articles and, therefore, phytosanitary certificates are an import requirement for them. A regulation change is needed in order to exempt a restricted article from phytosanitary certification. A little more than two weeks ago, I made a request to our agency's Import and Interstate Services branch and asked that they propose such a change.

They are currently developing a work plan for a proposed revision to 319.37 and stated that they will include a proposal to exempt from phytosanitary certification plant materials of generally admissible species if they are imported on agar and/or liquid media within sterile containers (=flasks). In that same proposal, they will propose changes regarding the current requirement for translucent, transparent media.

Unfortunately, making changes to Federal regulations is a long, time-consuming process. Many take one and one-half years, or more, from the time they are first proposed until they published as Final Rules, which officially incorporates the change into the regulation. Bud Petit de Manger CITES and Plant Inspection Station Coordinator Port Operations "

In other words, sterile flasks of orchid seedlings or meristems now require a phytosanitary certificate from the country of origin. Unfortunately, because this enforcement change was the result of an external audit, no leeway exists as with the recent opaque media imbroglio. However, as these two regulation changes march through the process, both will require your encouragement. We suggest you write to:

Dr. Richard L. Dunkle USDA, APHIS, PPQ Jamie Whitten Building 14th and Independence Ave., S.W. Room 301-E Washington, DC 20250 (Thanks to Nick for onforwarding the above.)

Phytos & Permits for Canadian importers.Top

An Import Permit and a PhytosanitaryCertificate are required. Import permits are obtainable from
Canadian Food Inspection Agency
Plant Products Directorate
59 Camelot Drive, Nepean, Ontario. K1A 0Y9

Phone numbers are as follows:
Eastern Canada (Montreal) 877-493-0468 Fax: 514-493-4103
Central Canada (Toronto) 800-835-4486 Fax: 905-405-3722
Western Canada (Vancouver) 888-732-6222 Fax: 604-270-9247

Phytosanitary Certificate Other countries. Top

We are preparing a data base for the import requirements for Phytosanitary Certificates for as many countries as possible. If you have permits or other information, please contact us so that we can include as many countries as possible. A snailmail photo copy would be ideal.


A Phytosanitary Certificate is a certification that the items have been inspected and found to be free of diseases and injurious insect pests. Certificates are issued by the relevent Government Department/Authority,  the Australian Quarantine Inspection Service (AQIS) for Australia
http://www.aqis.gov.au  )  phytodatabase.
Many countries also require a certification and treatment against specific diseases and insect pests. This requirement is usually detailed on that countries Import Permit.
 Requirements may change so this is a guide only.
It is the IMPORTERS responsibilty to ensure that  Import Permits
and  Phytosanitary Certificate requirements for their country are current.
.
ORCHID PLANTS BARE ROOT.
 Phytosanitary Certificate and CITES Certificate required for all countries.

Belgium  E.E.C.

Brunei Darussalam   Import Permit + Phyto declaration;
 These orchid seedlings have been treated by full immersion for 5-10 minutes in
 (1) Malathion insecticide 0.2% (500 g/l Maldison at the rate of  20mls/5 litres)
 (2) TMTD  fungicide 0.4% (800 g/kg Thiram at the rate of 25 grams/5 litres)
 The full chemical name for Thiram is tetramethylthiuram disulfide. (TMTD)

Canada  Import Permit and Phyto required
Declaration; Material was grown in media where potato wart disease  (SYNCHYTRIUM ENDOBIOTICUM)  has not been recorded and where based on official soil surveys or
 other precautionary practices, the potato cyst nematode (GLOBODERA ROSTOCHIENSIS and G. PALLIDA) and the soybean cyst nematode (HETERODERA GLYCINIS)  are not known to occur.

Denmark
Estonia  Import Permit for more than 5 plants

E.E.C  European Ecomomic Community  Requirements the same as Sweden & New Caledonia
France  E.E.C.
Hong Kong     Import Permit
Indonesia    Import Permit
Japan
Korea
Malaysia    Import Permit

New Caledonia  Import Permit + Phyto declaration;
 These orchid seedlings have been treated by full immersion for 5-10 minutes in
 (1) Malathion insecticide 0.2% (500 g/l Maldison at the rate of  20mls/5 litres)
 (2) TMTD  fungicide 0.4% (800 g/kg Thiram at the rate of 25 grams/5 litres)
 The full chemical name for Thiram is tetramethylthiuram disulfide.  (TMTD)
 
Russian Federation. Phyto with Declaration: (1) American serpentine leaf miner ( Liviomyza trifolia), Vegetable leaf miner ( Liviomyza sativae), Leaf miner fly ( Liviomyza huidobrensis), Golden cyst nematode ( Globodera pallida), Colombia root knot nematode ( Meloidogyne chitwoodi), and New Zealand black wart ( Synchytrium endobioticum) are not known to occur in Australia. (2) The plants have been inspected and found to be free from evidence of Western flower thrip ( Frankliniella occidentalis) and Potato cyst nematode ( Globodera rostochiensis).

Singapore Permit required.

South Africa
Phytosanitary & Permit required. Declaration
(1) Cocoa tussock moth (Orgyia postica) Jack Beardsley mealybug (Pseudococcus jackbeardsley) and Southern armyworm (Spodoptera eridania) are not known to occur in Australia
(2) A representative sample has been inspected and found free from Spring dwarf nematode (Aphelenchoides) Chrysanthemum foliar nematode (Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi) Potato rot nematode (Ditylenchus destructor) Stem nematode (Ditylenchus dipsaci) Banded greenhouse thrips (Hercinothrips femoralis) Yellow orchid leaf beetle (Lema pectoralis) Tenuipalpus pacificus and Melon thrips (Thrips palmi)
(3) The plants are packed in a sterilised medium free from soil particles
(4) The plants are free from fruit, seed and pods

Sweden  Import Permit + Phyto declaration;
 These orchid seedlings have been treated by full immersion for 5-10 minutes in
 (1) Malathion insecticide 0.2% (500 g/l Maldison at the rate of  20mls/5 litres)
 (2) TMTD  fungicide 0.4% (800 g/kg Thiram at the rate of 25 grams/5 litres)
 The full chemical name for Thiram is tetramethylthiuram disulfide.
 (TMTD)
 
Switzerland
Taiwan
Thailand    Import Permit
United States America    Import Permit required on quantity greater than 13 items.
 

Flasks; Invitro Orchid Seedlings.
CITES  Certificates are not required for invitro seedling flasks.
While some countries do not require a Phyto, it is recommended that a Phyto is obtained and sent with a shipment to facilitate clearence by Customs.With the increased world wide security, the Certificate will expedite delivery.
Belgium   E.E.C.
Bermuda    E.E.C
Brazil
Brunei Darussalam   Import Permit and Phyto required
Canada     Import Permit and Phyto required
Czech Republic   Import Permit and Phyto required
Costa Rica  Import Permit and Phyto required
Denmark
Dominican Republic
E.E.C.      European Economic Community  Phyto required
Estonia     Phyto required. Import Permit for more than 5 items
France Republic of.   E.E.C.

French Polynesia and French Reunion.  Import Permit and Phyto with declaration;
Declaration for French Polynesia and French Reunion
 In vitro orchid seedlings on  agar media derived from seed from mother plants which are free from virus diseases and other diseases.
These orchid seedlings in flask are apparently free from
 (a) Vanilla mosiac polyvirus
 (b)Vanilla necrotic polyvirus
 (c) Cymbidium mosiac virus
 (d) Odontoglossum ringspot virus and from Bacteria of the genus pseudoverde Erwinia and from harmful Fungi.

Germany         E.E.C.
Great Britian   E.E.C.
Hongkong  Import Permit and Phyto required

India.   Import Permit and Phyto required. Tissue culture only. The plants in this consignment were obtained from mother-stock tested and maintained virus-free from those viruses affecting orchids EXDOC Endorsement No 3278

Indonesia  Phyto required

Israel  Import Permit for each genus and Phyto required with following declaration;
 Plants are invitro  orchid seedlings in agar media  in sterilized flasks and are free from  
(a) Acidovorax avenae subsp. cattleyae

 (b) Erwinia chrysanthemi pv. zeae
 (c) Cymbidium mosiac virus potoexvirus and
 (d) Tomato ringspot nepovirus
 and are grown and shipped in a soil free media.

Italy          Phyto not required
Japan        Phyto required
Korea       Phyto required

Malaysia   Import Permit per genus and Phyto required. Treatment: Media is prepared under aseptic conditions.
Mexico      Import Permit and Phyto required

Netherlands Antilles  Free port, Phyto not required
Netherlands            E.E.C. countries  Phyto required
New Caledonia       Import Permit and Phyto required
New Zealand          Import Permit and Phyto required
Norway           Import Permit and Phyto required
Philippines       Import Permit ( more than 13 items) and Phyto required
Poland            Phyto required
Puerto Rico    Phyto required   as for USA

Russian Federation. Phyto with Declaration;(1) American serpentine leaf miner ( Liviomyza trifolia), Vegetable leaf miner ( Liviomyza sativae), Leaf miner fly ( Liviomyza huidobrensis), Golden cyst nematode ( Globodera pallida), Colombia root knot nematode ( Meloidogyne chitwoodi), and New Zealand black wart ( Synchytrium endobioticum) are not known to occur in Australia. (2) The plants have been inspected and found to be free from evidence of Western flower thrip ( Frankliniella occidentalis) and Potato cyst nematode ( Globodera rostochiensis).

Singapore
South Africa  Phyto and Import permit required.
Sweden          E.E.C. countries
Switzerland
Taiwan          Phyto required
Thailand       Phyto required
Trinidad  and Tobago   Import Permit required  but no Phyto required for flasks.
Turkey          Import Permit and Phyto required
United States America  Import Permit required on quantity greater than 13 items. Phyto required.
Vanuatu       Import Permit and Phyto required
                                                *************
Phytosanitary Certificate requirements as of  September 2005.
 Requirements may change, this is a guide only.
It is the IMPORTERS responsibilty to ensure that  Import Permits
and  Phytosanitary Certificate requirements for their country are current.
CITES.  Top
Flasks are EXEMPT under Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), Title 50, Part 23, Subpart C, Appendix II.
S 23.23 (d) (6) Specifically exempted: For orchidacea species:
(i) in Appendix I, seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers.
BURLEIGH PARK ORCHID NURSERY is an Australian CITES accredited  Artificial Propagator and all flasks are produced from legally acquired parent stock.

The data base will list the various requirements to import flasks and orchid plants into each country and any special requirements pertaining to Phytosanitary Certificates. We all dislike red tape, but the Certificates and Permits mean disease and pest free imports and quicker delivery to you. We recommend that importers obtain all required permits for their country, in the long run this saves a lot of trouble and redtape, to say nothing of wear and tear on yourself and the orchids/flasks being imported.

Do you set seed pods on your treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed.

Bank Transfer; Electronic Funds Transfer. Top

It has come to our attention that some Banks when they Electronic Funds Transfer may put the transfer thru an intermediary Bank. The originating Bank will charge you their Fee, but the intermediary Bank also then deducts another Fee.

Customers should ask their Bank about ALL Fees, as the customer has paid for a service, which is then charged for again. Surely it is the originating Banks responsibility, and cost, to complete the transaction that has been paid for by the customer.

Your Message on the Net.Top

If you would like to have your message sent to over 1200 ORCHID GROWERS each month via this Newsletter, contact Flasks supplies.Top Flasking supplies Supplies Page

A special note on flasking orchids. Non Absorbant Cotton Wool

Due to the need for a filtered air vent on flasks to allow exchange of gasses, a reliable air filter medium is needed. Non absorbant cotton wool allows gas exchange but does not absorb moisture. Thus the air filter will stay dry and prevent the growth of fungus thru the filter, a common problem with ordinary cotton wool which gets wet, goes mouldy and allows the mould to grow thru the filter to contaminate the flask.

Non Absorbant Cottonwool NOW AVAILABLE in 375 gram rolls, contact us NOW. Cotton Wool.

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Orchid Seed Supplier.Top
Seed of SPECIES orchids.

Email Cal at ianbpon(at)speciesorchids.com ( substitute @ for (at) to avoid spam) SPECIES SEED LISTfor the latest list of seed available in packets enough to prepare 3 to 4 flasks. Coryanthes, Dendrobium, Oncidium, Cattleya, Aerides with more added as harvested. All seed dated at collection, airmail post world wide and there is no restriction on orchid seed. Cal's Orchids Australia. CONSERVATION BY PROPAGATION

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Subscribe UnsubscribeTop
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Ian and Pat Walters,
Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery 54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
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