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  WHATS NEW ? IMPORTANT NOTE for U.S.A. IMPORTERS. While an Import Permit is only required for more than 13 items, we strongly recommend you obtain this free Permit to expedite delivery of parcels.Parcels without the greenyellow USDA sticker may be delayed.
See link below  USA Phytos and Permits.

In FLASK.   Phaius tankarvilleae Dend compactum  Bulbophyllum echinolabium
In PLANTS.   Bulbophyllum longissimum FCC Dendrobium aliofolium Dendrobium topaziacum Dendrochilum convollarieforme  Majus  Grammatophyllum wallissii  Phalaenopsis sanderiana 
Ready to replate.   Cattleya gaskelliana alba x alba sib Cattleya jenmannii "clmio x Mosca" Cheirostylis cochinchinense
Eulophia spectabile Galeandra dives Epidendrum peperomia Cattleya leopoldii "Garopaba x Rio Grande".
 Culture.   Catasetums and allies. Photo right Catasetum tenebrosum

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 Photos in this edition.   Below    Top  Catasetum tenebrosum
Highlighted species or subjects  are links to photos/articles. Just click on the subject.

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New in Flask.
Dend compactum  Warm grower. Australia. Compact form of bigibbum superbum. Round well shaped purple fls. Best grown in a very small pot with a dry winter.
Bulbophyllum echinolabium  Intermediate grower. Celebes Very large flowers to 30 cm long. A large growing species with huge flowers. Treefern slab or basket.
Phaius tankarvilleae. Australia. Terrestrial. Large mahogany coloured flowers with a redpurple labellum. A rich leafmould and soil media is used, protect from wind and drafts.
New in Plants.
Bulbophyllum longissimum FCC. The original awarded clone from Sanders of England. Exquisite  pink flowers with long tails, darker pink veins. A small pot or basket, it rests after flowering at which time water should be used sparingly.
Dendrobium aliofolium. An unusual plant that looks more like some succulent. Long stems with flat shiny green leaves. Does well in a pot or on a slab. Small white flowers appear at the apex of the canes.
Dendrobium topaziacum. Bright orange yellow flowers, lip striped red,  in a cluster. Bottlebrush type species, lots of water when growing but drier  in the cooler months.
Dendrochilum convollarieforme Majus. A good growing species that will fill a pot fairly quickly. This is a much larger form with larger flowers in a spiral on the spike. Small pot, grows easily in many medias including bark and treefern, with a preference for the treefern.
Grammatophyllum wallissii. The Philippino form of G speciosum. Large grower, takes near full sunlight and is a good garden subject in warmer climes. Potted in treefern in 70mm pots
Phalaenopsis sanderiana. A species much like Phal amabilis, but the flowers are faint pink with darker pink splashes on the ends of the petals and sepals. Grown as a typical Phalaenopsis, good drainage,  good ventilation and a fairly shady spot. This will develop into a very large showy plant with leaves to 40 cm or more long.
Ready to Replate.
Cattleya jenmannii "clmio x Mosca". A sib cross.This labiate Cattleya has large showy flowers and is cultivated under typical Cattleya conditions.
Cattleya gaskelliana alba x alba sib. As for Cattlyea jenmanii, labiate etc. Two white clones sib crossed.
Cattleya leopoldii "Garopaba x Rio Grande". Bifoliate cattleya. Large heads of green bronze flowers, spotted red purple and with a purple labellum.
Cattleya schilleriana. Best grown on a slab or in a shallow container. A very showy species from Brazil.
Cheirostylis cochinchinense.  A rare Jewel orchid species from Vietnam. A coarse terrestrial media in a smallpot is used, with a dry rest when leave sstart to fall in the cooler months. Very similar to C ovata, but the leaves are a darker green.
Eulophia spectabile.  This species used to be called Eulophia squalida. It is a large leafy plant from a large tuber, and the spike is erect with up to 10 showy flowers. Two colour forms exist, a rich cream coloured flower and a red coloured form. Grown much the same as Phaius, but with a definte dry winter after leaf fall. Very showy species.
Galeandra dives.  Grown much the same as a Catasetum. See article below.
Epidendrum peperomia. A minature growing species with fleshy showy flowers. Also known as Epidendrum porpax, it will grow into a spectacular clump in a small pot on a slab of treefern.A charming species.
  Species highlighted are links to photos.
More photos at
Culture.  Catasetums and Allies, orchids for all climates.
 There is a group of pseudobulbous plants  that go dormant in the cooler months, to the extent that the leafless pseudobulbs can be removed from the orchid house and stored dry. In Spring, with a new lead started, the plants are then repotted into a fresh rich media for the next seasons growth and flowering
 The following genera are treated as deciduous plants;
Catasetums; Small to large, heavy pseudobulbs with large leaves and an amazing range of shapes and colours just in the species.
Section Clowesia in Catasetum produce smaller plants and flowers with perfect flowers.
Mormodes; very similar in plant to Catasetum and interfertile.
Cycnoches; this genera tends to have longer more cylindrical pseudobulbs and consists of two sections. One section is typically noted as the Swan orchid because of its large  swan like flowers ( Eu-Cycnoches) and the other  section ( Heteranthe) has multiflowered long pendulous spikes of small intricate flowers quite unlike the Swan orchid.
Catasetums and Cycnoches are dimorphic, seperate male and female flowers are produced. In nature, lush healthy plants tend to produce male flowers, and stressed plants in danger tend to produce female flowers, ie growing in the tops of dead trees in full sunlight. In the orchid house, male flowers tend to predominate, so the production of female flowers may depend on stressing a plant.
Mormodes produce normal perfect flowers, male and female in the one.
A couple of other genera that also go dormant.
Cyrtopodium; Tall almost cylindrical leafy pseudobulbs with erect branched spikes of predminately yellow and red, redbrown flowers.
Galeandra; Short squat pseudobulbs ( baueri) to long thin canes (devoniana) with spikes of flowers with proportionally large trumpet like labellums.
A number of different medias are used, from spaghnam moss to bark, treefern and old horse manure. Climate, water availability, ventilation are some of the factors governing the media to use. In drier conditions, a more moisture retaining media would be an advantage, but in more wet conditions, perhaps a more open media is called for. In all cases, good draining is a must.
A  pot or basket is required, plants should not be overpotted, and should be well crocked. Use a rich media that will stay damp but not wet, and the addition of  manure, fertiliser, once the new lead gets up a bit, will promote growth and flowering.
The bulbs can be seperated to initiate new plants, and quite old bulbs may produce small plantlets from apical nodes.
Generally, the last seasons root system is defunct, so the roots can be trimmed leaving just enough to anchor the bulbs in the pot or basket.
 Sunlight requirements are simple; maximum short of leaf burn to promote flowering and somewhat harsher to promote female flowers on the dimorphic species. Some species will tolerate almost full sunlight, especially the Cyrtopodiums, protected perhaps from hot midday sun.
Water and fertiliser; Frequent, allowing plants to dry out partially in between.
Flowers; Beware, the dimorphis species of Catasetums have a trigger under the stigma on the column that ejects the pollina with some force, in nature to affix the pollin to a large hairy bee which carries it onto the nect flower. Many a vehile interior has been peppered with pollinia on the way to a show or meeting.
In general, all these species produce very showy, usually very fragrant flowers that are often quite waxy and fleshy and certainly some of the most unusual and beautiful of the worlds orchid species. And they can be grown anywhere.
 More photos at
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 My mid life crisis;
Married 20 years, I took a look at my wife and said
" Honey, 30 years ago, we had a cheap apartment, a cheap car, slept on a sofa bed and watched TV on a black and white TV, but I got to sleep every night with a hot 25 year old blonde.
   Now we have a nice house, nice car, big bed and a plasma screen TV, but I'm sleeping with a 55 year old woman. It seems to me you are not holding up your side of things."
 My wife is a very reasonable woman.
   She told me to go find a 25 year old blonde and she would make sure that I would once again be living in a cheap apartment, driving a cheap car, sleeping on a cheap bed........
I was having trouble with my computer so I called Harold the Computer guy, to come over.
Harold clicked a couple of buttons and solved the problem.
He gave me a bill for a minimum service call.
As he was walking away, I called after him, "So, what was wrong?"
He replied, "It was an ID ten T error."
I didn't want to appear stupid, but nonetheless inquired, "An, ID
Ten T error?" What's that ... in case I need to fix it again?"
The computer guy grinned.... "Haven't you ever heard of an ID ten
T error before?"
"No," I replied.
"Write it down," he said, "and I think you'll figure it out."
So I wrote out ........ I D 1 0 T
I used to like Harold...
Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
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