Photos in this issue: Habenarias rhodochila above, Habenaria  dentata. Paph niveum
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A.  What's New in flask.

 Paph niveum x godfroyeae remakes what is considered to be the natural hybrid Paph angthong. A lovely slipper, one or two flowers on a tall erect spike, the flowers are usually rounded, cupped with wide sepals and petals.
The colour ranges from almost white to a cream white with varying amounts of red purple spots and blotches, the egg like pouch labellum usually white. With nice clean colours, this is a showy species that is fairly easy to grow in a heavily shaded area.     Use small deep pots, fine bark plus shredded isolite with a little peat moss or coconut peat mixed in for a little extra moisture. We grow under cover to keep excess rain off the plants.
Haemaria discolor alba x alba , described in the November newsletter, is also germinating. This promises to be something special as two clones were sib crossed for the clear green and silver veined leaf.

B. What's ready to replate NOW.    Photo Paphiopedilum niveum

Paph niveum, the showy well presented white with fine red spots. Our second sowing, the first sowing are flowering out of flask with very nice elegant white flowers finely spotted red on a tall spike. The small growing, mottled foliage makes it an very attractive foliage plant as well.
Sievikingia suavis, a cooler grower with intricate yellow and orange flowers, has developed to a good size in flask ready for the final replate. This is a small growing epiphyte, almost minature, usually grown in spaghnam moss, allied to Stanhopea, but much smaller. A very small slatted basket with spaghnam moss is recommended
Stanhopea martiniana, a large showy white flower with red markings from Mexico. Good strong plantlets ready for the final replate now.
Galeottia grandiflora ( Mendonsella grandiflora) is a very showy Central American species with flowers to 8cm. Very striking yellow green, with broad redbrown strioes. The complex lip is white with red stripes, fringed and with intricate keels.These seedlings are at a prime stage for the final replate to fill the flasks for airmail post.

C. What's new in Plants.

Dend engae, Paph niveum, Thrixspermum.
Seedlings of Dend engae, the showy New Guinea species, are doing nicely in a slotted pot in spaghnam and shredded isolite mix. Habenarias dentata, susaneae, and ochroleuca are shooting up after their dormancy. Nervilia uniflora (see our web page for photos) have increased their tubers this season and a few flowering size plants are now available.
Paphiopedilum niveum, flowering size plants in 10 cm pots. Thrixspermum centipeda, flowering size, some in spike now, growing well on pieces of cork.

D.  HABENARIAS are easy to grow...

The prime requisite for growing these is to remove the pots from the orchid house in winter and let them dry out. A very ocassional watering will prevent the tubers drying out too much or if the pots are left where they will get any natural rainfall, that is usually sufficient
Before spring, the tubers should be repotted into fresh media. We use a mixture of old composted bark, some fresh fine bark and about 50% shredded isolite. For extra moisture, a little coconut peat is added. A small pot of 10 cm or so is adequate.
S On repotting, add a liberal sprinkling of processed fowl manure or similar slow acting fertiliser on top of the media and then lots of water. While the plants are growing, they like a lot of water, but this should be decreased once the flowers have opened. After flowering, the plants should only be watered while the leaves are still green. Once the leave have dropped, stop watering.
Most Habenarias can be grown under similar light conditions to that of Dendrobium, short of sunburn. Avoid water dripping onto the foliage, as this tends to damage the leaves and causes them to blacken and rot, a problem with heavy rain. Spikes if very tall should be staked to support the often heavy head of flowers.
Habenaria dentata will produce a spike to 70 cm high, with up to 8 or 10 pure white fringed flowers, each to about 2.5 cm long. A native of India thru to China, it is a quick growing and very easily grown species.
Habenaria rhodochila is a species of South East Asia, red flowered, with orange, yellow and pink colour forms. The foliage is mottled, requiring a little more shade than the green leafed H.dentata. It is often a lithophyte and does best in a well drained media of composted bark etc that simulates the natural compost of leafmould and forest litter.
 One grower uses a good quality potting mix from the supermarket, and repots yearly.
Both species will produce extra tubers to provide a specimen pot and more flowers. Several plants in one pot will produce a showy exhibit, equal to any species. Text & photos at web page Ian Walters.

E. Web page.

Check out our web page  www.ultra.net.au/~bporchid
This is constantly under revision and you will find heaps of colour photos, articles on species in cultivation and in the wild, plus links to other interesting species orchids, and more photographs. Check out the photos of species mentioned above

F. Humour.

Pet crabs..
Queensland female mud crabs are protected. An inspector caught a man walking up the river bank with a bucket containing 2 female crabs.
"You know it is illegal to take female crabs."
These aren't illegal crabs, they are my pets and I have just taken them for a swim in the river. I let them swim around and when I whistle, they come back and jump into the bucket.
" I don't believe you" said the inspector.
Well, I'll let them swim and you can watch me whistle them back. So he does, and the crabs swim off.
"Well, are you going to whistle those crabs back now?"
What crabs???
The legal word.
Pop singer D** H**** is being sued by a fan who claims he beaned her on the forehead with a maraca during one of his concerts. M*** A** H***, 43, who describes herself as a long-time H**** fan, says the former E***** rocker hit her with the rattling instrument after she stood to take a photograph during his October 4 concert in North Little Rock.
In her lawsuit filed in state court, M*** claims H**** then pointed at her and made other gestures when announcing that he would appreciate no more flash photography.
The lawsuit seeks unspecified compensatory and punitive damages. "These affronts, coupled with her physical injury, caused highly unpleasant mental reactions including fright, horror, disappointment, chagrim, worry, disgrace, embarrassment, indignity, ridicule, grief, shame, humiliation, anger and outrage," the lawsuit says.
No doubt pop singer D** H**** felt exposed, affronted, accosted, menaced, dazzled, taken aback, threatened, put upon, insulted, defenceless, vulnerable, injured, slighted, upset, disrespected and advised his legal representitive, lawyer, solicitor, counsel, legal eagle, advocate, adviser, consultant, attorney, brief, notary, accordingly.
We trust the legal people, each with their thesaurus, will sort it out. ( Apologies for the verbosity, the letter of the law seems to be getting out of hand.)

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Yours in orchids,
Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
Email us at  bporchid@ultra.net.au