July 00  Aug    Sept Oct  Nov   Dec   Jan01    Feb  Mar  April  May  June  July
Aug  Sept  Oct  Nov   Dec  Jan02  Feb  March  April  May  June  July  Aug  Sept  Oct  Nov  Dec
IMPORTANT NOTE.  click here for NEW PHYTOSANITARY Certificate news, EXDOC.
IMPORTANT  NOTE  click here for USA  importers. Phytos & Permits.

In FLASK.   Dendrobium Ceretobe species New Guinea.Photo right.
Dendrobium teretifolium fasciculatum, Oncidium splendidum, Dendrobium gracilicaule

In PLANTS.  Ascocentrum curvifolium, Trichoglottis loheriana, Trichoglottis latisepala.

Ready to replate.     Cattleya schilleriana "coerulea", Phalaenopsis schilleriana, Stanhopea candida, Sarcochilus cecileae "Cleveland Bay", Sarcochilus roseus.

Culture.   Conservation by Seed. Pollination.
Did you know?   Important New Phyto news, electronic generated Phytosanitary Certificates. Worldwide exchange of seed and protocorm. Permits USA.  Bank Fees, hidden costs.
Web Site.  A large number of new photos now on the web page.
Your Message on the net. Put your message IN FRONT of  the international readers of this Newsletter each month or on YOUR PAGE on the net.
Orchid Auction. Plants, Flasks, Books.
Flasking supplies, medias, nonabsorb cotton wool. Notes on flasking.
Seed for saleEmail  now for a list of available species orchid seed.
Spare Flasks on hand.  Some species flask  that can be shipped NOW.
Subscribe, Unsubscribe.
Requests. Click here for  Flask List   Plant List  New Germinations  Spare flasks.
It is our policy to avoid spam, so lists are sent on request.
Photos in this issue, above Dendrobium ceretobe species New Guinea courtesy M.Pritchard. Dendrobium gracilicaule, Dendrobium teretifolium, Oncidium splendidum, Ascocentrum curvifolium, Trichoglottis loheriana, Trichoglottis latisepala, Cattleya schilleriana coerulea, Phalaenopsis schilleriana, Stanhopea candida (Tony Wilson),Sarcochilus cecileae "Cleveland Bay", Sarcochilus roseus.

Highlighted species are links to photos/articles..

 Items in this Newsletter may be reproduced provided source acknowledged. Do you know any orchid growers who may like to receive this newsletter? Why not forward this email to them now!
A b&w printed copy of this Newsletter can be mailed each month if you send 12 Australian stamps or 12 International reply coupons to Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery, 54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815.
We commend "Orchids Online Web Design" for the excellent work on our web site.
For information or prices click here or email Steve at
Steve is looking for Orchid Society and Orchid Nursery Information to include on his site.
If you can help, why not visit his website at and fill in
the online form now
New in Flask.
Dendrobium Ceretobe species New Guinea. Photo above. Recently found, under review as a new species. Ceretobe Dendrobiums are robust species, and will develop into a large plant  with adequate fertiliser and water when in growth. A large pot or basket in a rich media that drains well, a drier winter, and protection from cold are required.
Dendrobium gracilicaule. Photo right.A plant of the edges of the rainforest. The tall gracefull canes bear clusters of yellow fragrant flowers. Best grown in a small well drained pot or basket, with plenty of sunlight and a drier rest in the cooler months. An endemic Australian species.
Dendrobium teretifolium var fasciculatum.This species gets its name from the long terete pencil like leaf. The pendulous spike is plume like, with white flowers, purple stripes in the labellum, and is highly  fragrant. Dendrobium teretifolium is best grown on a treefern slab or small basket, with maximum sunlight and must have good drainage. The plant creeps and is pendulous. A native of eastern Queensland, the northern variety  fasciculatum is somewhat larger. 
Oncidium splendidum. Tall spikes of large golden yellow flowers.This is a semiterestrial species from Honduras. 
It requires a well drained media, a pot or large treefern mount, with lots of water when in active growth and a dry rest when not. The flowers are spectacular and produced on tall spikes. Warm to intermediate grower. 
New in Plants.
Ascocentrum curvifolium from Thailand produces brilliant orange red bottlebrushes. Flowering size plants are currently potted in basket pots.A bright sunny position, good drainage and warm conditions required.
Trichoglottis loheriana from the Philippines. Advanced seedlings are also growing in small basket pots. This is a non climbing Trichoglottis, so a basket is ideal, with conditions similar to the Ascocentrum curvifolium. A most unusual colour combination of green and almost black.
  Trichoglottis latisepala also from the Philippines, is a pendulous species that does well on a slab. A small basket can also be used provided the media is open and well drained. It will grow happily alondg with the Ascocentrum. The pink flowers are produced along the leafy stem.
Ready to Replate.
Cattleya schilleriana "coerulea", A spectacular species, a bifoliate that requires a shallow pot or basket, or if available, the best media is a good slab of treefern fibre. A shade grower, it definitely rests in the cooler months and should be then kept on the dry side. When in active growth, plenty of water and fertiliser is of benefit, especially if grown on the treefern slab which tends to require more water. It is not a large grower, and like Cattleya aclandeae, it will climb up a mount. 
Phalaenopsis schilleriana, A Philippines species. Showy. A spectacular flowering species with mottled leaves of green with dark purple and masses of pink flowers. Slotted pots or a basket, spaghnum moss works well for us. In the cooler months, the plants need to be somewhat drier, but in the growing season, lots of water and fertiliser. 

Stanhopea candida, a typical Central American Stanhopea requiring a basket for the pendulous spike to emerge from beneath the plant. A warm to intermediate grower, the media should be damp but not wet, and fairly shady conditions are needed unless extra fertiliser is applied with the extra sunlight. Stanhopeas are heavy feeders and poor leaf condition may be an indication of insufficient nutrient for the growing plant. 
Sarcochilus cecileae "Cleveland Bay" is a native of North Queensland, Australia. It is a rock growing species in crevices on exposed rock faces, and thus a very well drained media, a lot of sunlight and maximum air movement are mandatory. A robust grower in a small basket or clay pot in pieces of rock with a little leafmould. It the dry cool months, minimal water is needed and the plants should be kept on the dry side.
Sarcochilus roseus, below, is closely related to S. cecileae and is grown in the same manner. It is also a rock grower, but grows on the edges of rain forest in North Queensland.
 Species highlighted are links to photos.
More photos at
Culture.  Conservation by Seed.
           When setting seed pods on orchid plants, it is best to have two seperate clones to sib cross. A clone is a distinct seperate plant, and by using two seperate plants or clones, fertile seed results. Often a selfing ( ie using the one plant or divisions of the one plant) will not result in fertile seed.
          This is particularly true of the more evolved species, the monopodial Vandaceous species. While selfings are sometimes the only choice, it is always better to use two clones, but a successful selfing will produce innumerable plants or clones.
          The pollin to removed from a bottom ( of the spike) flower and transferred to the stigma of  a top ( of the spike) flower, leaving the pollin in the top flower. This is repeated so both plants bear a pod. Where a selfing occurs, it is best to pollinate a flower at both top and bottom of the spike.
          By leaving the pollin in the receptor flower, the flower lasts longer without wilting, as is the case if the pollin is removed.
          The pollination can also be repeated again after a few days. Usually  the first pod will burst first, giving some warning that the next one is ready for harvesting.
          Dry seed;  when the pod bursts or appears to be about to, the pod is removed and the seed shaken onto a sheet of clean note paper. The empty pod is discarded and should not be left with seed as the fleshy pod will rot.
          The note paper is then folded to form a packet, labelled with full name and date of collection.
         Green seed pod; This can be treated and the seed sown immediately by sterilising the pod in a chlorine or peroxide solution. The pod is opened in the clean work cabinet using  scalpel or forceps and a very small portion of seed placed into the mother flask on the point of the scalpel or picked out with the forceps.
         Transfering green pods to other places is done by wrapping the pod in tissue paper, then in a paper or cardboard container. Green pods, and dry seed also, should never be placed in a sealed glass or plastic container or wrapped in plastic. Moisture from the green pod quickly turns it mouldy and destroys the seed. Similarly, there is often enough moisture in seed to cause mould development.         To explain the position of the pollin and stigma, the central column of the flower has a pollin cap at the apex. Under this cap sits the pollin, usually  two or four of them, in some orchids they are attached to little adhesive stipes. By gently lifting the pollin cap, the pollin can be removed with something like a tooth pick.         The stigma is usually a small wet looking sticky patch on the underside of the column, below the pollin cap. Fragrance is a good indicator that the stigmatic surface will accept pollin. With some species, the stigmatic surface is hidden, and there is a small slit across the column where the pollin must be inserted, particularly in the genera such as Stanhopea, Gongora and their relatives.
Orchids from flask; The best conservation.
If more species are cultivated like this, then the wild populations of the species can be conserved.
 More photos at
Seed of SPECIES orchids.
Email  Cal  for the latest list of seed available in packets enough to prepare 3 to 4 flasks.
Coryanthes, Dendrobium, Paphiopedilum, Oncidium, Cattleya, Aerides with more added as harvested.
All seed dated at collection, airmail post world wide and there is no restriction on orchid seed.
Cal's Orchids Australia.
Spare Flasks on hand.
There are sometimes spare flasks available. These are ready to ship, but we do not recommend shipping these flasks in your winter as they are ready to deflask now or soon.
For a list of available flasks, Click  here or email  
  A very attractive lady goes up to a bar in a quiet rural pub. She gestures alluringly to the bartender who comes over immediately. When he arrives, she seductively signals that he should bring his face closer to hers.
When he does she begins to gently caress his full beard. "Are you the manager?" she asks, softly stroking his face with both hands.
"Actually, no," the man replied.
"Can you get him for me? I need to speak to him." she says, running her hands beyond his beard and into his hair.
"I'm afraid I can't," breathes the bartender. "Is there anything I can do?"
"Yes, there is. I need you to give him a message," she continues, running her forefinger across the bartender's lips and slyly popping a couple of her fingers into his mouth and allowing him to suck them gently.
"What should I tell him?" the bartender manages to say.
"Tell him," she whispers, "there is no toilet paper, hand soap, or paper
towels in the ladies room."
     Laws of  the Universe.
Don't imagine you can change a man - unless he's in diapers.
What do you do if your boyfriend walks out? You shut the door.
If they put a man on the moon - they should be able to put them all up there. .
To have your name  added or removed from the mailing list, email   click here
"Unsubscribe me please!"   or   click here
Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
Email us at
Phone Fax 0747 740 008
International 61 747 740 008