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Culture.    Dendrobium section Calcarata. Photo right; Dend fairchildeae

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In FLASK.  Habenaria rhodocheila Orange Habenaria rhodochila Pink Habenaria sagarikii
Oncidium pulvinatum  Bulbophyllum niphondii
In PLANTS.      Bulbophyllum lasiochilum, Bulb putidum x lasiochilum, Bulb fascinator x lasiochilum
Ready to replate.   Dend surigaenense, Cattleya quadricolor (chocoense), Zygopetalum mackayii Nigrescens, Paphiopedilum rothschildianum, Paph Rothschildianum x laevigatum,  Stanhopea inodora, Stanhopea candida.
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Flasking supplies, medias, nonabsorb cotton wool. Notes on flasking.
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Phytosanitary Certificates, Exdoc, Bank Fees, CITES.    Update July 05
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 Photos in this edition.  Top; Phalaenopsis lobbii.
Highlighted species or subjects  are links to photos/articles. Just click on the subject.

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New in Flask.   Top

Habenaria rhodocheila Orange. A deciduous terrestrial plant with subterrainium tuber. Requires a humus rich media, good drainage and a dry rest once the leaves have fallen. There are colour variants. Can be grown in any climate as it is dormant in the cold winter months. Place a few rough rocks in the media as the tubes like to attach.  South East Asia.
Habenaria rhodocheila Pink  A colour variant.
Habenaria sagarikii. Grown as for Habenaria rhodocheila.This has large white flowers with a yellow labellum. Thailand
Oncidium pulvinatum. Brazil. Branched spikes of many yellow spotted light tan fls, lip yellow. Small pot or basket or slab of treefern. Intermediate grower.
Bulbophyllum niphondii. Burma Thailand. Somewhat like a smaller pink Bulb wendlandii. Cool to intermediate grower, small basket or slab and kept just damp at all times.

  Highlighted  species linked to photographs and cultural notes.
New in PlantsTop
  Bulbophyllum lasiochilum, Bulb putidum x lasiochilumBulb fascinator x lasiochilum  are all rampant growers tthat require a large shallow basket or tray or a large piece of treefern. Best grown with the Dendrobiums with plenty of light  and water and fertiliser when in active growth.
    A slab should be hung on a swivel to allow the plant to warp around and form a specimen, where it will produce a multitude of flowers.
Flowering size plants on treefern or in basket pots.
Highlighted  species linked to photographs and cultural notes.
Ready to Replate.       Top
Dendrobium surigaenense. A spectacular species from the philippines. This species, also known as Dendrobium sanderae var surigaenense, does best in a small pot or basket with a well drained media. It will also grow on a mount with extra water. In the cooler months, the plants need to be somewhat drier, but in the growing season, lots of water and fertiliser will develop a large showy specimen. The plants are intolerant of wet feet. A bright sunny spot and good air movement are required.
Cattleya quadricolor (chocoense), Similar to Cattleya trianaei, typical labiate Cattleya culture is required. A well drained media, lots of sunlight and a short rest after flowering and before the new lead appears.
Zygopetalum mackayii Nigrescens. Seed from a private collection in Brazil. This is a darker coloured form of the spectacular green sepals and petals, blotched chocolate, lip veined violet purple flowers. A Cymbidium type almost semiterrestrial media is required, well drained but staying damp and not soggy. Intermediate grower, but very adaptable as it tends to be  somewhat dormant in the cooler weather.
Paphiopedilum rothschildianum. A robust growing species, large plants require a rich almost semiterrestrial media, well drained, with lots of water and fertiliser when the new growths appear. Paphiopedilum Rothschildianum comes from the wet rainforests of Borneo, so requires a lot of water and fertiliser when growing. Warm to intermediate, maximum sunlight short of leaf burn.
Paph Rothschildianum x Paph laevigatum. Paph laevigatum is very similar to Philippinense and Roebellinii. This particular clone is a rapid multigrowth grower, quickly forming a large clump. Crossed with the spectacular Rothschildianum for large quick growing multiflowered specimens.
Stanhopea inodora. Flowers large, green white, grown as for typical Stanhopea below.
Stanhopea candida. Stanhopeas require a basket with wide mesh to allow the pendulous spikes to emerge from the bottom of the basket. A rich mix that will stay damp is ideal, using spaghnam moss, composted bark or similar, with liberal doses of organic fertiliser. The genus ranges from hot tropical to cool mountain plants, so an idea of a plants origin can help determine whether it is grown warm or cool. The flowers, while short lived, are quite spectacular and very fragrant. Adequate fertiliser will allow the plants to be grown in a sunny position, they are heavy feeders while in active growth.
S. candida is a charming all white flowered species, warm to intermediate, but with a rest in the cooler months, a cool climate should be no problem if kept somewhat drier.
 Species highlighted are links to photos.
More photos at
Culture.  Calcarata section Dendrobiums.   Top
 Calcarata is a section of Dendrobium extending from India to the Philippines, with many very showy species most seldon seen in collections.
For the most part, they are evergreen plants that produce flowers from the older leafless canes. The deciduous species such as Dend cumulatum require a dryer rest in the winter months, but the evergreen species should be kept damp at all times.
The fine root systems of this section require a less than coarse media which will stay damp but not soggy. Small pots seem to work well, and a basket with extra media to hold moisture will accomodate larger plants.
As for most Dendrobium species, bright sunlight short of leaf burn is required to promote maximum flowering. The softer leafed species may require a more shady spot. In general, these species will grow in intermediate to warm conditions, with the deciduous species tolerating a cooler climate if keep dry during winter.
Dendrobium cumulatum; An Indian to Thailand species, deciduous, the leaves flushed piurple.
Dendrobium fairchildeae; A Philippines species with thin wiry stems, evergreen.
Dendrobium epidendropsis; A Philippines species with shorter stems and tends to be deciduous. Flowers are waxy, yellowish, with a noticeably square labellum and long mentum.
Dendrobium sanguinolentum; A showy species with cream to cream yellow flowers, often tipped crimson purple. Comes from Thailand thru Malaya, Sumatra and Borneo. A species named Dendrobium cerium from the Philippines is closely related.
Dendrobium serratolabium; Philippine species, unusual in the pale green petals and sepals veined brown. This plant also branches.
Dendrobium auriculatum; Philippines, originally exported as Dend papillio. This has a large pure white flower, green in the throat of the labellum. A more slender leafy evergreen plant.
Dendrobium lancefolium var papuanum is another evergreen species and in the wild, terrestrial.
Dendrobium mutabile; Indonesia Borneo. A rather long thin stemmed species, evergreen.
Flasks are EXEMPT under Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), Title 50, Part 23, Subpart C, Appendix II.
S 23.23 (d) (6) Specifically exempted: For orchidacea species:
(i) in Appendix I, seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers.
BURLEIGH PARK ORCHID NURSERY is an Australian CITES accredited  Artificial Propagator and all flasks are produced from legally acquired parent stock.
Your Message on the net.  Top
If you would like to have your message sent to over 1500  ORCHID GROWERS each month via this Newsletter, contact can also be arranged. With in excess of 5000 visits to the website per MONTH, you can get your message to active INTERNATIONAL orchid growers 7/24. MESSAGE PAGE
Seed of SPECIES orchids.    Top
Email  Cal  for the latest list of seed available in packets enough to prepare 3 to 4 flasks.
Cattleya, Coryanthes, Dendrobium, Oncidium, Laelia, Aerides with more added as harvested.
All seed dated at collection, airmail post world wide and there is no restriction on orchid seed.
Cal's Orchids Australia.
Humour.     Top
Getting on is when
You take naps from noon to 6 PM
. Dinner and a movie is the whole date instead of the beginning of one.
Eating a basket of chicken wings at 3 AM would severely upset, rather than settle, your stomach
Little BILLY was sitting on a park bench munching on one candy bar after
another. After the 6th one, a man on the bench across from him said, "Son,
you know eating all that candy isn't good for you. It will give you acne,
rot your teeth, make you fat and shorten your life."
Little BILLY replied, "My grandfather lived to be 107 years old".
 "Oh?" replied the man, "Did your grandfather eat 6 candy bars at a time?"
"No" replied Little Billy, "he minded his own business!!"
Prisoner; "As God is my judge Your Honor, I am not guilty".
Judge ; "He's not, I am, you are, 30 days".
Foreman of the jury;  "Not guilty, your Honor, due to insanity"
Judge; "What, all 12 of you?"
Join Cloud Forest Institute
                         "" FOR MORE INFORMATION
          Join Cloud Forest Institute a federally recognized 501(c)3 to fund a wildlife corridor in the Ecuadorian
                                 Tropical Andes and protect it - forever!
        The two parcels comprising of 840-acres of Cloud Forest in the Ecuadorian Paso Alto Range of the Andes
        in the Cambugan Watershed is home to jaguars, spectacled bears, over 300 species of ORCHIDS, and the
                     highest number of amphibian and endemic bird species in the WORLD. Concerned people are encouraged to make tax-deducatible donations and create honorary groves in their name.
Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
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