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     IMPORTANT  NOTE  for USA  importers. Phytos & Permits

In FLASK.       Phaius tankarvilleae, Oncidium zappii (Photo right), Laelia purpurata Sanguineum 'Mentzi'. 

In PLANTS.   Neofinetia falcata "Amami Island Giant", Cattleya blossfeldziana, Cattleya intermedia alba dutra, Rhyncostylis gigantea "Jungle Red x Red"  
Ready to replate.    Eulophia decaryana, Cochleanthes amazonica, Cheirostylis cochinchinense
Culture.     Orchids of the Townsville  Region.
Did you know?  IMPORTANT NOTE  USA  importers, Phytosanitary Certificates, Import Permits. .
Web Site.  New Links plus more photographs up.
Orchid Auction. Plants, Flasks, Books.
Flasking supplies, medias, nonabsorb cotton wool. Notes on flasking.
Spare Flasks on hand.  Some species that can be shipped NOW.
Wanted.     Some species wanted.
Subscribe, Unsubscribe.
Request. click here for  Flask List   Plant List  New Germinations
Photos in this issue. Oncidium zappii (courtesy Brian Blackley) above, Townsville scenic views, Nervilia holochila, Cymbidium canaliculatum, Habenaria triplonema.

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New in Flask.
Phaius tankarvilleae. A terrestrial species, fast growing, that needs a rich leafmould and soil media. Intermediate to warm conditions, somewhat drier in winter. The soft leaves should be protected from excess sunlight and wind.
Oncidium zappii. This is a large flowered  crispum type species from Brazil. A treefern mount is perhaps the best growing media if available. A rest in winter is needed, and intermediate conditions apply.
Laelia purpurata Sanguinea 'Mentzi'.  A large growing cattleya like plant with large flowers to 15 cm ( 6 inches). Growing conditions as for cattleya, well drained media, good ventilation and sunlight. This form is a dark red purple, with the labellum somewhat darker in colour.
New in Plants.
 Seedlings raised in the Nursery are growing in 50mm pots in a mix of spaghnam and shredded isolite. The following species are establishing well, ready to ship.
Neofinetia falcata "Amami Island Giant". From the Japanese island of Amami, which is almost tropical in climate, this larger growing form has waxy fragrant white flowers with a long spur. Best grown in a small pot or basket, in nature they are lithophytic and grow in almost full sunlight. Intermediate grower.
Cattleya blossfeldziana, from Peru, was initially considered a natural cross between Cattleya rex and Cattleya luteola. A typical intermediat growing cattleya, with the same requirements fo a well drained media, maximum ventilation and sunlight.
Flowers yellow with red purple in the labellum.
Cattleya intermedia alba dutra, a Brazilian species, has pure white waxy flowers to 12.5 cm ( 5 inches) across. The flowers are heavy textured, last well and are beloved by florists.
Rhyncostylis gigantea " Jungle red x red'. A sib cross between an original red form and a more modern line bred red. The two red colourations are noticeably different, with well shaped waxy, fragrant flowers. Best grown in a small basket, medium shade and warm to intermediate conditions with a drier winter.
Ready to Replate.
Eulophia decaryana.This Madagascan species is a semiterrestrial, intermediate grower, with hard glossy leaves and bulbs.Best grown in a rich leafmould media in a large shallow pot. It has a definte dormant period during the colder months.
The flower spike is erect, branched and many flowered, with yellow and green and red marked flowers.
The leaves are attractively flecked along the edges with pale green white.
Cochleanthes amazonica, an intermediate to cool grower, is noteworthy for its large white labellum striped red. A fan like plant, it requires a medium that will stay damp but not wet, a shady sheltered spot and either a small pot or basket. It grows readily from flask and is a spectacular species in flower.
Cheirostylis cochinchinense is one of the Jewel orchids from Vietnam. The glossy green leaves have a central pale cream white feathering along the midrib. A semiterrestrial or lithophytic grower, it requires a moist media, good drainage, heavy shade and a definite drier rest in winter. This has been slow growing in flask, but plants are now quite large and ready for the final replate.  More photos at
Culture.  Townsville, North Queensland
   Townsville is one of a paired city with Thuringowa, sitting in the tropics.
 Many orchid species grow in the region as epiphytes, lithophytes and terretsrials. Dominating Townsville citys skyline is Castle Hill, where two species inhabit the rock faces. Castle Hill is photographed with the city surrounding it.
   The type material of Sarcochilus cecileae was collected from here, where it grows in the crevices, in almost full sun, along with plants of Dendrobium discolor.
    The other distinctive landmark is Mount Stuart, photographed at dusk, below. This mountain is twice the height of Castle Hill and is a wetter environment. On top  grow the terrestrials Habenaria triplonema, Nervilia discolor, Pterostylis ophioglossa var Collina, Corybas fimbriata, and until the ground was cleared for a transmitter tower, Diurus punctata alba. A species of Eulophia has been reported, but not found in flower.
   In the scrubby creek trees Sarcochilus tricalliatus swarms, along with Dendrobium discolor, Dendrobium mortii and Oberonia muelleriana. An ironbark tree is host to a very occasional Cymbidium canaliculatum.
  On the lower slopes of Mount Stuart, Geodorum pictum and Nervilia holochila have been found.  

Photographs show Railway Station, Castle Hill centre of city,  the almost laelia like flowers of the terrestrial Nervilia holochila, a close up of the green white Habenaria plumes of H.triplonema and Cymbidium canaliculatum which is an inhabitant of the drier inland, but because Townsville is in a rain shadow, the species is occasionally found. Mount Stuart at dusk.( Thanks to Ziggy for the Townsville scenic views.) More photos at

Did you know ?
IMPORTANT  NOTE  for USA  importers.
USDA has, from January 2002, begun to enforce the requirement for a Phytosanitary Certificate for all plant and plant material imports. This is not a new regulation, but the implementation of a rule that has previously not been enforced.
ALL FLASKS  imported into USA will now require a Phytosanitary Certificate.
Burleigh Park does provide this Phytosanitary Certificate at cost.
Flasks are still  CITES  exempt.
USA growers can obtain an Import Permit and green/yellow stickers which expedites the delivery of parcels of flasks, plants etc. Contact and enquire for the nearest Inspection Unit
U.S. Department of Agriculture, APHIS
Plant Protection and Quarantine Permit Unit
4700 River Road, Unit 136
Riverdale, Maryland 20737-1236
The Import Permit application is PPQ Form 587
Heightened enforcement of existing regulations
affects orchid flask imports
An external audit of enforcement procedures by USDA/APHIS (US Department of Agriculture/Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) has resulted in the edict that orchid plants in flask also require phytosanitary certification. I inquired about the background on this and got the following reply from Bud Petit de Mange of USDA:
"The way the regulation 319.37 is written, a phytosanitary certificate is required for all restricted articles. By the definition, seedlings and plantlets in flasks are restricted articles and, therefore, phytosanitary certificates are an import requirement for them. A regulation change is needed in order to exempt a restricted article from phytosanitary certification. A little more than two weeks ago, I made a request to our agency's Import and Interstate Services branch and asked that they propose such a change. They are currently developing a work plan for a proposed revision to 319.37 and stated that they will include a proposal to exempt from phytosanitary certification plant materials of generally admissible species if they are imported on agar and/or liquid media within sterile containers (=flasks). In that same proposal, they will propose changes regarding the current requirement for translucent, transparent media. Unfortunately, making changes to Federal regulations is a long, time-consuming process. Many take one and one-half years, or more, from the time they are first proposed until they published as Final Rules, which officially incorporates the change into the regulation.
Bud Petit de Mange
CITES and Plant Inspection Station Coordinator
Port Operations "
In other words, sterile flasks of orchid seedlings or meristems now require a phytosanitary certificate from the country of origin. Unfortunately, because this enforcement change was the result of an external audit, no leeway exists as with the recent opaque media imbroglio. However, as these two regulation changes march through the process,
both will require your encouragement. We suggest you write to:
Dr. Richard L. Dunkle
Jamie Whitten Building
14th and Independence Ave., S.W.
Room 301-E
Washington, DC 20250
(Thanks to Nick for onforwarding the above.)
Phytosanitary Certificate requirements for all countries.
We are preparing a data base for the import requirements for Phytosanitary Certificates for as many countries as possible.
If you have permits or other information, please contact us so that we can include as many countries as possible. A snailmail photo copy would be ideal.
The data base will list the various requirements to import flasks and orchid plants into each country and any special requirements pertaining to Phytosanitary Certificates.
We all dislike red tape, but the Certificates and Permits  mean disease and pest free imports and quicker delivery to you.
Do you set seed pods on your treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed.
Web site.
More Photographs Up
Check out our  web page
  Year 2000  winner of  "Linda the Orchid Lady" award .
EMAIL address      Top
Have a look at this busy Orchid Auction site.
Sell those spare plants ! Find that elusive rare plant or book !
Orchid Auction Site
Flask supplies.
Flasking medias; click on here and go to Supplies page
For working Nursery Medias for Mother and Replate Flasks.
A special note on flasking orchids.
Due to the need for a filtered air vent on flasks to allow exchange of gasses, a reliable air filter medium is needed.
Non absorbant cotton wool allows gas exchange but does not absorb moisture. Thus the air filter will stay dry and prevent the growth of fungus thru the filter, a common problem with ordinary cotton wool which gets wet, goes mouldy and allows the mould to grow thru the filter to contaminate the flask.
Non Absorbant Cottonwool  NOW AVAILABLE in 375 gram rolls,
click contact us NOW.
Spare Flasks on hand.
There are sometimes spare flasks available. These are ready to ship, but we do not recommend shipping these flasks in your winter as they are ready to deflask now.
For a list of available flasks, email  
or click here
If anyone knows where to get any of the following, please advise;
Aerangis platyphylla aka Angraecum potamophilum
Den. harveyanium Den. falconeri plants
Dendrobium Wardii (plant)Dendrobium Harveyanum (plant)
Dockrillia fuliginosa Dendrobium buloculare Den. pseudoglomeratum  Den. chalmersii Den. chrysoglossum
Wife to husband after they won the Lottery, " What do I do with all the begging letters, dear?
Husband; " Keep sending them!"

Pick Up;
 It's a dark and stormy night and in your 2 seater sports car you pull up at a bus stop to find an old and faithful friend, an old lady that needs to go to hospital urgently and a stunning person who could be the light of your life, your lifes soul mate.
    Who do you give a lift to, with just room for one person??  ( answer at bottom of page).

Warning labels
On baby stroller "Remove baby before folding"
In public toilet "Recycled flush water unsafe for drinking"
On carpenters electric router "This product not intended for use as a dental drill"
On laser printer cartridge "Do not eat toner"
On prescription sleeping pills "Warning. May cause drowsiness"
On box containg clothes iron "Never iron clothes while they are being worn"
On wheelbarrow "Not intended for highway use"
On windscreen sun cover "Do not drive with sun shield in place"
On hair dryer "Never use hair dryer while sleeping"


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Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
Email us at
Phone Fax 0747 740 008
International 61 747 740 008

 Answer to PickUp; You give the car keys to your friend to transport the old lady to hospital while you wait for a bus with the  light of your life, your possible lifes soul mate. Good luck.