BP SPECIES NEWSLETTER NOVEMBER 2001
Haemaria discolor var odina and alba
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A. What's New in flask.
A small germination of the Venezuelian Phragmapedium lindenii.
Two Paphs resown, glaucophyllum and spicerianum
var giganteum germinating.
The Paph spicerianum giganteum is a sib cross of two large flowered
plants originally imported from India as variety giganteum. The
flowers are to 10 cm across, dorsal sepal white with a central crimson
purple stripe, base green spotted red. Sepals greenish white, the petals
yellowish green, spotted red, with a red crimson median line. the lip is
brown flushed crimson.
Very amenable to culture, it grows readily in a variety of media, clumps
quickly and can be grown in more sunlight with dendrobiums etc.
A small deep pot, good drainage, and fertiliser while in active growth
will produce a large clumped plant quickly. While it is supposed to be
one of the cooler growing species, it tolerates hotter climates and will
grow under cool to warm conditions. After flowering and while the plant
is not in active growth, a short rest period is beneficial, at which time
a little less water is needed.
Some clones tend to have a lax flower spike and benefit from staking
to display the flower well. More sunlight tends to shorten the spike.
Paph glaucophyllum, another green leafed species grows
under the same conditions as P spicerianum, The progressive flowering
produces showy flowers with a rosy pink pouch lip, striped and haired
twisted petals and a green edged white dorsal.
B. What's ready to replate NOW.
Two very nice Aerides are just right for replating into the 12/14
seedling mini flasks. Our flasks are small 100cc oval bottles, resting
on the narrow side to produce a flask of seedlings that can be airmailed
when the plants pack tight inside the flask. This shaped bottle prevents
shake up of the contents, and the size makes for easy and economical airmail
The spicy fragrant Aerides quinquevulnerum var purpureum
has spikes of rich burgandy flowers, with a green tipped horn. Aerides
crassifolium is a short heavy leafed species with spikes of waxy,
heavy textured rose red, purple red flowers, also fragrant. Both managable
sized plants, use small baskets with an open media, and lots of water and
fertiliser when growing.
Sophronitis coccinea (S.grandiflora) ; brilliant reds,
these seedlings have reached a good size in the mother flasks (at long
last), and will make great flasks for shipping by airmail.
Cattleya blossfeldsiana; the grower in the USA describes
this as a plant originally found in Peru. Thought at one time to be a natural
cross Cattleya rex x Cattleya luteola, it is now considered more
likely a seperate species. Whatever the correct taxa, its showy yellow
fragrant flowers make this a welocme addition to any collection.
C. What's new; Haemaria alba,
Recently potted are some plants of the very rare Ludisia (Haemaria)
discolor var alba. A smaller growing form, it has basically light
green leaves veined silver.
Bulbophyllum biflorum: the Borneo form, a good growing
species that produces a spike of two flowers. Each flower to 10 cm long,
the elongated sepals with a white swollen tip. Colours cream to white with
red stripes, spots, tails white. Some clones have more red, so the flowers
appear red. Does well in a basket, well drained media but likes to be damp,
warm with good air movement.
D. THE JEWEL LUDISIA..(HAEMARIA).
A commonly grown orchid species is Ludisia (Haemaria) discolor,
with two forms well established in cultivation. The variety Dawsoniana
has a reddish leaf prominently veined with a copper colour, and the
dark green black leaf, red underneath, centre silver stripe, is usually
referred to as the type form. The flowers of both forms are identical.
Another three forms are described here.
Several years ago, we self pollinated a plant that had arisen as a seedling
in the bush house, most likely from seed from a natural selfing of the
var Dawsoniana. This form was identified as Schlecter's
var odina, with silver veins instead of the copper veins of
Seedlings raised from this in flask were predominently var odina,
with some reverting to the type form with the single silver midrib vein.
The leaf is a dark green, flushed, especially underneath, dark red. Most
of the veining is silver, with the outer vein or two slightly coloured
At about the same time, we acquired a small plant of an alba
form of the Ludisia. Alba in that the leaf was green with
silver veining, with only a faint shadow of the normal red colouring under
the leaf. This plant eventually flowered and was selfed. The seed was sown
in flask but nothing germinated.
However, shortly after, a swarm of seedlings appeared in pots near to
where the alba form was growing. The seed was from an uncollected seed
pod on the alba form plant. Most of this swarm of seedlings developed into
alba form plants, with about half of them showing a true alba condition,
with leaves of clear green, veined silver, and no colouring at all under
The third form is also a plant that arose in an orchid collection from
the natural dispersal of seed of var Dawsoniana. This form is of
a sturdier plant, with yellowish green leaves that have copper coloured
veins in the new leaf, and lightly flushed red underneath. When the leaves
mature, the veining goes to a gold colour, on a background of yellowish
green. Green gold would aptly describe this form.
The flowers of all the forms were the same, white with the yellow spot.
All the plants of Ludisia are grown in 85 to 90% shade, in small
pots in a mixture of fine bark, shredded isolite and coconut peat, well
crocked. They rest in winter and need less water at that time. When active
growth begins, they like lots of water and fertiliser. The plants seem
to like to hang over the side of their pot, and will develop into large
clumps if allowed. One can imagine it growing in the wild as a semiterrestrial
lithophyte, rooted into the rock crevices and sprawling over the rock face.
There is nothing unusual in this natural variation, it is the hallmark
of all orchid species, on their evolutionary way, regardless of those who
sit and ponder and infinitely dissect orchid species down to a myriad of
new names. Text & photos at web page Ian Walters.
E. Web page.
Check out our web page www.ultra.net.au/~bporchid
This is constantly under revision and you will find heaps of colour
photos, articles on species in cultivation and in the wild, plus links
to other interesting species orchids, and more photographs. Check out the
photos of species mentioned above
A man, feeling very ill, goes to see his doctor and is rushed to hospital
for tests. He wakes up in a private room at the hospital and the bedside
" This is your doctor, we have had the results from your tests and
you will stay here until we work out a cure."
" Oh my God, doctor! What can you do for me?"
" Well, we are going to put you on a diet of pizzas, pancakes and pitta
"Will that cure me?"
"No, but its the only food we can slip under the door."
"Doctor, can you cure my cold? I'm really suffering."
"No, there is no cure, but why dont you go for a long run along the
"But doctor, its raining and I'll catch pneumonia"
" Well, we've got a cure for pneumonia."
Doctor to patient, " We'll put you thru the special proceedure
for this complaint, but it will cost you $12001."
Patient "Is that the cost of the medical procedure and hospital?"
Doctor " No, thats the cost of my kids next term school fees."
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Yours in orchids,
Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
Email us at email@example.com