NEWSLETTER October 2002
Culture. Black Orchids
WHATS NEW ?
FLASK. Aerides falcatum, Aerides lawrenceae, Renanthera
monochica, Cattleya forbesii, Cyrtopodium species all yellow, Laelia tenebrosa
nigrescens, Laelia gouldiana.
Dendrobium spectabile, Neofinetia falcata, Doritis
pulcherrima alba, Rhyncoctylis gigantea red x jungle red.
to replate. Aerides
lawrenceae var sanderiana, Paraphalaenopsis laycockii, Dendrobium tetragonum
giganteum, Encyclia mareae.
IMPORTANT NOTE click here for USA importers.
Phytos & Permits.
www.speciesorchids.com New Links plus more photographs up.
Plants, Flasks, Books.
nonabsorb cotton wool. Notes on
on hand. Some species that
can be shipped NOW.
Seed of species
orchids. Email now for list of seed available.
Request. click here for Flask
Photos in this issue. Above
Renanthera monochica, highlighted species linked to photos.
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Aerides falcatum. Long pendulous spikes, many flowered.
Flowers 4cm, silver white, tipped purple
lawrenceae. Large white flowers, tipped magenta purple, fragrant.
Long spike, many flowered.
Both Aerides are robust growers and best grown in
a basket in an open media. Once established, a little excess sunlight will
promote flowering. Tropical plants, they benefit from warmth, water and
fertiliser in the growing season, with a drier rest in the cooler
Laelia gouldiana. This Mexican species has tall spikes
of crystalline rose purple fragrant flowers. It is a cool to intermediate
grower and requires a small pot or basket. A typical cattleya mix would
be suitable, and maximum sunlight and venmtilation.
Renanthera monochica is a Philippines species with
gorgeous yellow spotted red flowers. A small slow grower, a small basket
or shallow pot with an open media is used. Grow warm, maximum sunlight.
Cattleya forbesii is the buff yellow species, multiflowered
species from Brazil. The inside of the labellum is prominently veined purple
Cyrtopodium species all yellow. Brazil. Awaiting
identification. Typical deciduous species, a definite dry rest in winter
is required, with a rich media and lots of water and fertiliser when the
new growth starts. The spikes are generally multibranched with many showy
flowers. Intermediate conditions apply.
tenebrosa nigrescens. This is the very dark chocolate brown
form, the lip is purple and veined. Grown as a cattleya.
Some 2inch ( 5cm) and 3 inch (8cm)
spectabile, Latourea, New Guinea.
Fantastically twisted, veined and coloured flowers, intermediate grower.
Neofinetia falcata "Amami's Pink"
x "Syonjou Red". Sib cross from Japan,
this minature grows readily in most climates, likes lots of sun and either
a mount of small container with a well drained media.
Doritis pulcherrima alba,
a small growing species with an erect spike of gracefull sparkling
white flowers. In its native habitat it is semiterrestrial, so a
small pot with a rich well drained media is required. Grow warm to intermediate.
gigantea red x jungle red. A robust
species, a sib cross between 2 differently coloured clones. Basket culture,
open, well drained media and the plant will produce foxtail spikes of waxy
lawrenceae var sanderiana. This form has large cream to
yellow flowers with the magenta tips on the sepals and petals. Very
waxy, frangrant flowers. Basket culture.
laycockii. Best described as a
terete leafed phalaenopsis that does well in a small container or
on a mount. The flowers are large pale pink. It is a tropical species fromBorneo.
The Australian "spider orchid" from tropical
North Queensland with flowers to 4 inches ( 10 cm) long. Yellow blotched
redbrown, the lip is white with red blotches. Best grown on a mount
or small container, it must have excellent drainage and somewhat more shade
than most dendrobiums.
mareae. Photo by Goran Holmberg. A beautiful Mexican
species with large flowers, green sepals and petals and white trumpet like
labellum. Grows in a small container or on a piece of treefern, intermediate
to cool grower.
More photos at www.speciesorchids.com/photos.html
Like black tulips, black orchids are flowers of the imagination. A few
species of orchids have acquired the name "Black Orchid" by virtue of their
very dark intense colour, while not black, which tends to the dark brown
Perhaps the best known is the Australian native orchid,
Cymbidium canaliculatun var Sparkesii, a form that
is a rich intense dark maroon, with a touch of white and dark purple on
the labellum. A species of the drier open eucalyptus forest, it grows high
in the trees from hollow branches and crevices.
The seed germinates deep within the hollow or crevice and vines its way
up until it reaches sunlight, where it then develops is pseudobulb. A fact
proven by flasked seedlings filling a bottle with long vine like plants
that, once potted, develop their bulbs on the end.
Sparkesii, a pseudobulbous species, with stiff channelled leaves,
a grower of the dry hot forest, requires a deep pot with a typical cymbidium
media, lots of sunlight and maximum air ventilation. The spikes are produced
in numbers and bear many deep maroon flowers which are fragrant. During
the cooler part of the year, the plants need to be kept on the dry side.
brachiata. The Philippine "Black Orchid"
is an entirely dfferent type of orchid.
( or philippinense var brachiata) is an erect monopodial species
that likes to climb. The plant will produce side shoots and grow into a
specimen, with many flowers produced at the nodes along the stem. Each
flower is up to 5 cm across, a rich velvety dark maroon, the lip prominently
marked purple. The flowers are fragrant and long lived.
The best results are had by having it grow up a piece of treefern or similar
totem, as the new roots are always produced from the stem below the new
leaves, so repotting into a pot or basket without a climbing support
will not benefit the plant.
An open media in a basket or slotted pot is best, a sunny spot and plenty
of water and fertiliser when in growth will produce the best flowering.
It is a tropical plant.
Another species from the Borneo and Philippines region is Grammangis
stapelliflora ( or Grammatophyllum stapelliflorum).
This is a small growing bulbous plant much like Grammatophyllums scriptum.
but the spikes are pendulous and bear a number of dark, chocolate
maroon to red brown flowers.
The flowers are up to 4 or 5 cm long, heavy textured. The species is tropical
so requires a warm sunny place, a Cymbidium type media and a well
drained basket or pot. At the start of new growth, copius water and fertiliser
will encourage the flower spikes. After flowering a rest period is needed.
With a little imagination, any collection would be enhanced with these
beautiful species, their colours and character so different. Text
& photos Ian Walters.
Species highlighted are links to more details and photos.
More photos at www.speciesorchids.com/photos.html
you know ?
IMPORTANT NOTE for USA importers.
USDA has, from January 2002, begun to enforce the requirement for
a Phytosanitary Certificate for all plant and plant material imports.
This is not a new regulation, but the implementation of a rule that has
previously not been enforced.
ALL FLASKS imported into USA will now require a Phytosanitary
Burleigh Park does provide this Phytosanitary Certificate at cost.
Flasks are still CITES exempt.
here for the full details previously published.
Phytosanitary Certificate requirements for all countries.
We are preparing a data base for the import requirements for Phytosanitary
Certificates for as many countries as possible.
If you have permits or other information, please contact us so
that we can include as many countries as possible. A snailmail photo copy
would be ideal.
The data base will list the various requirements to import flasks
and orchid plants into each country and any special requirements pertaining
to Phytosanitary Certificates.
We all dislike red tape, but the Certificates and Permits
mean disease and pest free imports and quicker delivery to you.
Do you set seed pods on your
treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed.
More Photographs Up
Check out our web
2000 winner of "Linda the Orchid Lady" award .
ORCHID AUCTION ACTION
Have a look at this busy Orchid Auction site.
PLANTS BOOKS FLASKS
Sell those spare plants ! Find that elusive
rare plant or book !
Flasking medias; click
on here and go to Supplies page
For working Nursery Medias for Mother and Replate Flasks.
A special note on flasking
Due to the need for a filtered air vent on flasks to allow
exchange of gasses, a reliable air filter medium is needed.
Non absorbant cotton wool allows gas exchange but does not
absorb moisture. Thus the air filter will stay dry and prevent the growth
of fungus thru the filter, a common problem with ordinary cotton wool which
gets wet, goes mouldy and allows the mould to grow thru the filter to contaminate
Non Absorbant Cottonwool NOW AVAILABLE in
375 gram rolls,
Flasks on hand.
There are sometimes spare flasks available. These are ready
to ship, but we do not recommend shipping these flasks in your winter
as they are ready to deflask now.
For a list of available flasks, email
Cal for the latest list of seed available in packets enough
to prepare 3 to 4 flasks.
Coryanthes, Dendrobium, Paphiopedilum, Oncidium, Cattleya, Aerides
with more added as harvested.
All seed dated at collection, airmail post world wide and there
is no restriction on orchid seed.
Cal's Orchids Australia.
CONSERVATION BY PROPAGATION
In the hospital the relatives gathered in the waiting
room, where their
family member lay gravely ill. Finally, the doctor came in looking
"I'm afraid I'm the bearer of bad news," he said as he surveyed the
worried faces. "The only hope left for your loved one at this time
is a brain
transplant. It's an experimental procedure, very risky but it
is the only
"Insurance will cover the procedure, but you will have to pay
the brain yourselves."
The family members sat silent as they absorbed the news. After
length of time, someone asked, "Well, how much does a brain cost?"
The doctor quickly responded, "$5,000 for a male brain, and $200
The moment turned awkward. Men in the room tried not to smile,
eye contact with the women, but some actually smirked.
A man, unable to control his curiosity, blurted out the question
wanted to ask, "Why is the male brain so much more?"
The doctor smiled at the childish innocence and explained to
group, "It's just standard pricing procedure. We have to mark
price of the female brains, because they've actually been used."
From "The Brandon Republican and Eastern Advocate," of Brandon,
Mississippi, Volume 1, Number 39, December 29, 1837
NOTICE TO YOUNG LADIES, WIDOWS AND OLD MAIDS
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or removed from the mailing list, email click
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Ian and Pat Walters,
Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa,
Email us at www.speciesorchids.com
Phone Fax 0747 740 008
International 61 747 740 008
Whereas my husband, Isaac W. Odom, left home without any just
provocation on Saturday night the 11th instant, with an intention of
returning, this is to forwarn all persons from stopping him or impeding
him on his journey in any way whatever, as I am resolved not to pursue
him, as this is the second time he has made the attempt. I particularly
forwarn all young ladies or widows from marrying or harboring him,
do positively assure them that they would rue their bargain. He is
5 feet 11 inches high, spare made, light hair, blue eyes, tolerably
talkative, fond of company, 19 years old. Any person seeing him will
me a favor by advising him never to return, as I positively will never
live with him.
/s/ Mahalah Ann Odom, Yalobusha Co. Nov. 23, 1837
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