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Culture.  Black Orchids
 In FLASK.  Aerides falcatum, Aerides lawrenceae, Renanthera monochica, Cattleya forbesii, Cyrtopodium species all yellow, Laelia tenebrosa nigrescens, Laelia gouldiana. 
In PLANTS. Dendrobium spectabile, Neofinetia falcata, Doritis pulcherrima alba, Rhyncoctylis gigantea red x jungle red.
Ready to replate.    Aerides lawrenceae var sanderiana, Paraphalaenopsis laycockii, Dendrobium tetragonum giganteum,  Encyclia mareae.
Culture.     Black Orchids
Did you know?  Permits USA.   IMPORTANT  NOTE  click here for USA  importers. Phytos & Permits.
Web Site.  New Links plus more photographs up.
Orchid Auction. Plants, Flasks, Books.
Flasking supplies, medias, nonabsorb cotton wool. Notes on flasking.
Spare Flasks on hand.  Some species that can be shipped NOW.
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Photos in this issue. Above Renanthera monochica, highlighted species linked to photos.
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New in Flask.
Aerides falcatum. Long pendulous spikes, many flowered. Flowers 4cm, silver white, tipped purple
Aerides lawrenceae. Large white flowers, tipped magenta purple, fragrant. Long spike, many flowered.
 Both Aerides are robust growers and best grown in a basket in an open media. Once established, a little excess sunlight will promote flowering. Tropical plants, they benefit from warmth, water and fertiliser in the growing season, with a drier rest  in the cooler months.
Laelia gouldiana. This Mexican species has tall spikes of crystalline rose purple fragrant flowers. It is a cool to intermediate grower and requires a small pot or basket. A typical cattleya mix would be suitable, and maximum sunlight and venmtilation.
Renanthera monochica is a Philippines species with gorgeous yellow spotted red flowers. A small slow grower, a small basket or shallow pot with an open media is used. Grow warm, maximum sunlight.
Cattleya forbesii is the buff yellow species, multiflowered species from Brazil. The inside of the labellum is prominently veined purple red.
Cyrtopodium species all yellow. Brazil. Awaiting identification. Typical deciduous species, a definite dry rest in winter is required, with a rich media and lots of water and fertiliser when the new growth starts. The spikes are generally multibranched with many showy flowers. Intermediate conditions apply.
Laelia tenebrosa nigrescens. This is the very dark chocolate brown form, the lip is purple and veined. Grown as a cattleya.
New in Plants.
 Some 2inch ( 5cm) and 3 inch (8cm) pot seedlings.
Dendrobium spectabile, Latourea, New Guinea. Fantastically twisted, veined and coloured flowers, intermediate grower.
Neofinetia falcata  "Amami's Pink" x "Syonjou Red". Sib cross from Japan, this minature grows readily in most climates, likes lots of sun and either a mount of small container with a well drained media.
 Doritis pulcherrima alba, a small growing species with an erect spike of gracefull sparkling white flowers. In its native habitat it is semiterrestrial, so a small pot with a rich well drained media is required. Grow warm to intermediate.
Rhyncoctylis gigantea red x jungle red. A robust species, a sib cross between 2 differently coloured clones. Basket culture, open, well drained media and the plant will produce foxtail spikes of waxy fragrant flowers.
Ready to Replate.
  Aerides lawrenceae var sanderiana. This form has large cream to  yellow flowers with the magenta tips on the sepals and petals.  Very waxy, frangrant flowers. Basket culture.
Paraphalaenopsis laycockii. Best described as a terete leafed phalaenopsis that does well in a small container or on a mount. The flowers are large pale pink. It is a tropical species fromBorneo.
Dendrobium tetragonum giganteum The Australian "spider orchid" from tropical North Queensland with flowers to 4 inches ( 10 cm) long. Yellow blotched redbrown, the lip is white with red blotches. Best grown on a mount or small container, it must have excellent drainage and somewhat more shade than most dendrobiums.
Encyclia mareae.  Photo by Goran Holmberg. A beautiful Mexican species with large flowers, green sepals and petals and white trumpet like labellum. Grows in a small container or on a piece of treefern, intermediate to cool grower.
More photos at
Culture.  Black Orchids.
             Like black tulips, black orchids are flowers of the imagination. A few species of orchids have acquired the name "Black Orchid" by virtue of their very dark intense colour, while not black, which tends to the dark brown and maroon.
              Perhaps the best known is the Australian native orchid, Cymbidium canaliculatun var Sparkesii, a form  that is a rich intense dark maroon, with a touch of white and dark purple on the labellum. A species of the drier open eucalyptus forest, it grows high in the trees from hollow branches and crevices.
              The seed germinates deep within the hollow or crevice and vines its way up until it reaches sunlight, where it then develops is pseudobulb. A fact proven by flasked seedlings filling a bottle with long vine like plants that, once potted, develop their bulbs on the end.
              Sparkesii, a pseudobulbous species, with stiff channelled leaves, a grower of the dry hot forest, requires a deep pot with a typical cymbidium media, lots of sunlight and maximum air ventilation. The spikes are produced in numbers and bear many deep maroon flowers which are fragrant. During the cooler part of the year, the plants need to be kept on the dry side.
          Trichoglottis brachiata.     The Philippine "Black Orchid"  is an entirely dfferent type of orchid.
        Trichoglottis brachiata ( or philippinense var brachiata) is an erect monopodial species that likes to climb. The plant will produce side shoots and grow into a specimen, with many flowers produced at the nodes along the stem. Each flower is up to 5 cm across, a rich velvety dark maroon, the lip prominently marked purple.  The flowers are fragrant and long lived.
              The best results are had by having it grow up a piece of treefern or similar totem, as the new roots are always produced from the stem below the new leaves, so repotting into a pot or basket  without a climbing support will not benefit the plant.
              An open media in a basket or slotted pot is best, a sunny spot and plenty of water and fertiliser when in growth will produce the best flowering. It is a tropical plant.
              Another species from the Borneo and Philippines region is Grammangis stapelliflora ( or Grammatophyllum stapelliflorum). This is a small growing bulbous plant much like Grammatophyllums scriptum. but the spikes are pendulous and bear  a number of  dark, chocolate maroon  to red brown flowers.
               The flowers are up to 4 or 5 cm long, heavy textured. The species is tropical so requires a warm sunny place, a Cymbidium type media and a well drained basket or pot. At the start of new growth, copius water and fertiliser will encourage the flower spikes. After flowering a rest period is needed.
                With a little imagination, any collection would be enhanced with these beautiful species, their colours and character so different.  Text & photos Ian Walters.
Species highlighted are links to more details and photos.
More photos at
Did you know ?
IMPORTANT  NOTE  for USA  importers.
USDA has, from January 2002, begun to enforce the requirement for a Phytosanitary Certificate for all plant and plant material imports. This is not a new regulation, but the implementation of a rule that has previously not been enforced.
ALL FLASKS  imported into USA will now require a Phytosanitary Certificate.
Burleigh Park does provide this Phytosanitary Certificate at cost.
Flasks are still  CITES  exempt.
Click here    for the full details previously published.
Phytosanitary Certificate requirements for all countries.
We are preparing a data base for the import requirements for Phytosanitary Certificates for as many countries as possible.
If you have permits or other information, please contact us so that we can include as many countries as possible. A snailmail photo copy would be ideal.
The data base will list the various requirements to import flasks and orchid plants into each country and any special requirements pertaining to Phytosanitary Certificates.
We all dislike red tape, but the Certificates and Permits  mean disease and pest free imports and quicker delivery to you.
Do you set seed pods on your treasured species orchids? The best conservation, sow seed.
Web site.
More Photographs Up
Check out our  web page
  Year 2000  winner of  "Linda the Orchid Lady" award .
EMAIL address      Top
Have a look at this busy Orchid Auction site.
Sell those spare plants ! Find that elusive rare plant or book !
Orchid Auction Site
Flask supplies.
Flasking medias; click on here and go to Supplies page
For working Nursery Medias for Mother and Replate Flasks.
A special note on flasking orchids.
Due to the need for a filtered air vent on flasks to allow exchange of gasses, a reliable air filter medium is needed.
Non absorbant cotton wool allows gas exchange but does not absorb moisture. Thus the air filter will stay dry and prevent the growth of fungus thru the filter, a common problem with ordinary cotton wool which gets wet, goes mouldy and allows the mould to grow thru the filter to contaminate the flask.
Non Absorbant Cottonwool  NOW AVAILABLE in 375 gram rolls,
click contact us NOW.
Spare Flasks on hand.
There are sometimes spare flasks available. These are ready to ship, but we do not recommend shipping these flasks in your winter as they are ready to deflask now.
For a list of available flasks, email  
or click here
Seed of SPECIES orchids.
Email  Cal  for the latest list of seed available in packets enough to prepare 3 to 4 flasks.
Coryanthes, Dendrobium, Paphiopedilum, Oncidium, Cattleya, Aerides with more added as harvested.
All seed dated at collection, airmail post world wide and there is no restriction on orchid seed.
Cal's Orchids Australia.

   In the hospital the relatives gathered in the waiting room, where their
 family member lay gravely ill. Finally, the doctor came in looking tired
and sombre.
"I'm afraid I'm the bearer of bad news," he said as he surveyed the
worried faces. "The only hope left for your loved one at this time is a brain
 transplant. It's an experimental procedure, very risky but it is the only
 "Insurance will cover the procedure, but you will have to pay for
the brain yourselves."
 The family members sat silent as they absorbed the news. After a great
 length of time, someone asked, "Well, how much does a brain cost?"
 The doctor quickly responded, "$5,000 for a male brain, and $200 for a
 female brain."
 The moment turned awkward. Men in the room tried not to smile, avoiding
eye contact with the women, but some actually smirked.
 A man, unable to control his curiosity, blurted out the question everyone
 wanted to ask, "Why is the male brain so much more?"
 The doctor smiled at the childish innocence and explained to the entire
 group, "It's just standard pricing procedure. We have to mark down the
price  of the female brains, because they've actually been used."

From "The Brandon Republican and Eastern Advocate," of Brandon,
Mississippi, Volume 1, Number 39, December 29, 1837

Whereas my husband, Isaac W. Odom, left home without any just
provocation on Saturday night the 11th instant, with an intention of not
returning, this is to forwarn all persons from stopping him or impeding
him on his journey in any way whatever, as I am resolved not to pursue
him, as this is the second time he has made the attempt. I particularly
forwarn all young ladies or widows from marrying or harboring him, as I
do positively assure them that they would rue their bargain. He is about
5 feet 11 inches high, spare made, light hair, blue eyes, tolerably
talkative, fond of company, 19 years old. Any person seeing him will do
me a favor by advising him never to return, as I positively will never
live with him.
/s/ Mahalah Ann Odom, Yalobusha Co. Nov. 23, 1837

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Ian and Pat Walters, Burleigh Park Orchid Nursery
54 Hammond Way, Thuringowa, Australia 4815
Email us at
Phone Fax 0747 740 008
International 61 747 740 008